Ch10 Frequently Asked Questions What are the characteristics of a first-degree burn? A first-degree burn will appear red, dry, and painful. The epidermis is either injured or destroyed, and the dermis may be injured. The hair follicles and sweat glands remain intact. First-degree burns heal on their own. What are the characteristics of a second-degree burn? A second-degree burn will appear red and blistery. The blister will frequently leak exudate. Second-degree burns are painful. They are also known as partial-thickness burns because only the epidermis and the upper layers of the dermis are destroyed. The hair follicles, sweat glands, and nerve endings remain intact. Second-degree burns normally heal on their own; however, they may leave a scar. What are the characteristics of a third-degree burn? A third-degree burn is known as a full-thickness burn because the epidermis and dermis are destroyed. The subcutaneous tissue may also be injured. The hair follicles, sweat glands, and nerve endings are destroyed. Third-degree burns may appear white, red, black, tan, or brown. They are painless because the nerve endings are destroyed. Thirddegree burns may require skin grafts in order to heal. What are the risks of getting a manicure or pedicure in a commercial salon? There is a risk of contracting hepatitis B if strict sterilization measures are not followed. What physical manifestations of skin cancer need to be brought to the attention of a physician? Follow the ABCDE mnemonic for evaluating skin lesions: asymmetrical, borders, color, diameter, and elevation. A lesion that demonstrates a change in any of these parameters should be assessed further. Copyright © 2010 by Delmar/Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.