Standardization of Hydrochloric Acid against Sodium Carbonate

CHE 321
The Determination of Sodium Carbonate in an Impure Sample of Soda Ash
A) Standardization of Hydrochloric Acid against Sodium Carbonate
Dry a quantity of primary-standard Na2CO3 for about 2 hr at 110°C (see Figure 2-9), and
cool in a desiccator. Weigh individual 0.20-g to 0.25-g samples (to the nearest 0.1 mg)
into 250-mL Erlenmeyer flasks, and dissolve each in about 50 mL of distilled water.
Introduce 3 drops of a suitable indicator and titrate with HCl until the solution just begins
to change color.
Based on the titration above, calculate the ratio of mL HCl required to mass of sample in
grams (R = mL / g). This ratio can be used to determine the approximate amount(s) of
HCl required for subsequent titrations.
Analytically titrate at least 3 standard samples. (Keep track of R values - variation
of more than 5 ppt may indicate that more titrations are in order).
Report the mean concentration of HCl, the standard deviation, and the 95% confidence
interval for the determination.
B) Analysis of Impure Sample of Soda Ash
The titration of sodium carbonate is discussed in Section 16A-2 in connection with
its use as a primary standard; the same considerations apply for the determination
of carbonate in an unknown that has no interfering contaminants.
Dry the unknown at 110°C for 2 hr, and then cool in a desiccator. Consult with the
instructor on an appropriate sample size. Then follow the instructions as supplied above.
Report the percentage of Na2CO3 in the sample.