Ch. 15.4: Taxonomy

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Ch. 15.4: Taxonomy
1. Two worms in the same class must also be grouped in the same:
a. Order
c. Family
b. Genus
d. Phylu
2. A genus is composed of a number or related:
a. Kingdoms
c. Orders
b. Phyla
d. Species
3. What does a cladistic analysis show about organisms?
a. The relative importance of each derived character
b. The order in which derived characters evolved
c. The general fitness of the organisms analyzed
d. All traits of each organism analyzed
4. Organisms in the same clade must:
a. Belong to the same genus
b. Belong to the same species.
c. Share a common ancestor that belongs to the same clade.
d. Not share a common ancestor.
Figure 1
5. Which species is the common ancestor of salamanders and turtles?
6. Which living species are wolves most closely related?
7. What characteristic(s) do lancelets and wolves share?
8. What characteristics do turtles and wolves share?
9. Which of these pairs of organisms are found in the same domain?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Protests and fungi
Bacteria and protests
Plants and archaea
Bacteria and archaea
10. All organisms in the kingdoms Protista, Plantae, Fungi, and Animalia are:
a. Multicellular organisms
b. Photosynthetic organisms
c. Eukaryotes
d. Prokaryotes
11. Organisms in the domains Bacteria and Archaea were previously grouped in a
kingdom called:
a. Animalia
b. Fungi
c. Monera
d. Eukarya
12. Bacteria and archaea differ in:
a. The presence of a membrane-bound nucleus
b. The make up of their cell walls and enzymes
c. Size
d. The presence of a cell wall.
13. Which is NOT found in bacteria?
a. Cell wall
b. Membrane-bound nucleus
c. Ribosomes
d. Plasma membrane
14. Unlike bacteria, archaea:
a. Have cell walls
b. Are prokaryotes
c. Have few organelles
d. Have similarities to eukaryotes
15. All eukaryotes …
a. Have a nuclear membrane
b. Have cell walls
c. Flagella
d. Chlorophyll
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