9.2 NOTES: 6 KINGDOMS OF LIVING THINGS Read pages 208

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9.2 NOTES: 6 KINGDOMS OF LIVING THINGS
Read pages 208-215 and complete the following chart, starting with the prompt: “Two Kingdoms of Bacteria”:
All Kingdoms are a subgroup of three
Domains
The three Domains that divide cellular
1) Archaea Domain
life are:
2) Bacteria Domain
3) Eukarya Domain
The prokaryotes are divided into 2 groups:
Archaea Domain and Bacteria Domain
Because of differences in their RNA genes, it is believed these two groups and the eukaryotes each
arose differently from an ancestor with poorly developed genetic machinery, often called a progenote.
Archaea Domain contains the Kingdom:
1) Archaebacteria
Bacteria Domain contains the Kingdom:
2) Eubacteria
Eukarya Domain contains the Kingdoms:
3) Protista
4) Plantae
5) Fungi
6) Animalia
The Two Kingdoms of Bacteria:
Both have no nucleus so they are prokaryotes.
1) Archaebacteria
a. On Earth 3+ billion years
b. “archae” means ancient
c. Found: In places where most organisms
cannot survive.
2) Eubacteria
a. Most types of bacteria
b. Found: In soil, water, and on and
inside other organisms
c. Examples: Escherichia coli
Kingdom Protista
Common name: protist
Description: Single-celled or simple multi-celled
organisms with a nucleus and membrane bound
organelles.
Evolved from ancient bacteria, 2 BYA
Examples: algae, slime molds, water molds, Euglena,
Paramecium, and giant kelp
Kingdom Plantae
Common name: plants
Description: Complex multi-cellular organisms that are
usually green and use the sun’s energy to make sugar by
photosynthesis.
Examples: giant sequoias and flowering plants
Kingdom Fungi
Description: Complex multi-cellular organisms that
absorb nutrients from their surroundings after
breaking them down with digestive juices.
Examples: molds and mushrooms
Kingdom Animalia
Common name: animals
Description: Complex multi-cellular organisms that can
move from place to place, have a nervous system, sense
and respond to their environment. Unlike fungi, plants,
most protists and bacteria; animal cells do not have a
cell wall.
Examples: eagles, tortoises, beetles, and dolphins
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