Section 1h metallic crystals

Section 1h: metallic crystals
1.45 describe a metal as a giant structure of positive ions surrounded by a sea of delocalised
1.46 explain the malleability and electrical conductivity of a metal in terms of its structure
and bonding
Metallic crystals have a giant structure of positive ions surrounded by a ‘sea’ of delocalised electrons
which can move around in the lattice as shown below. The bond between the metal ions is called a
metallic bond. A metallic bond is the attraction between the positive metal ions and the delocalized
(from on 15/6/2010)
This structure and bonding allows the following properties as shown by the table below.
Metals are ductile (=can be pulled into
wires) and malleable (= can be bent or
hammered into different shapes without
The layers of positive metal ions can slide past each
other without breaking the metallic bond; this is the case
because there will always be delocalised electrons
between these positive metal ions so the metallic bonds
are still holding the metal ions together.
Metals conduct electricity and heat well.
Sea of delocalised electrons (they can move through the
lattice) and carry the negative charge through lattice.
Section 1g metallic crystals