Chapter 3

advertisement
PROBLEMS (p. 103-104)
1. Benjamin Jefferson arrived at the following tax information:
Gross salary, $42,160
Dividend income, $140
Itemized deductions, $4,290
Interest earnings, $200
One personal exemption, $3,700
Adjustments to income, $850
What amount would Benjamin report as taxable income (LO 3.2)?
Benjamin would have a taxable income of $33,660.
2. If Samantha Jones had the following itemized deductions, should she use Schedule A or the standard
deduction? The standard deduction for her tax situation is $5,800. (LO 3.2)
Donations to church and other charities, $2,050
Medical and dental expenses exceeding 7.5 percent of adjusted gross income, $1,210
State income tax, $920
Job-related expenses exceeding 2 percent of adjusted gross income, $1,415
The standard deduction of $5,800 is better than itemizing deductions which totaled $5,595.
3. What would be the average tax rate for a person who paid taxes of $5,124.15 on a taxable income of
$40,780? (LO 3.2)
12.57 percent
4. Based on the following data, would Beth and Roger Simmons receive a refund or owe additional taxes?
(LO 3.2)
Adjusted gross income, $51,380
Itemized deductions, $12,240
Credit for child and dependent care expenses $400
Federal income tax withheld, $6,686
Amount for personal exemptions, $11,100
Tax rate on taxable income, 15 percent
refund of $2,880.
5. If $4,323 was withheld during the year and taxes owed were $4,122, would the person owe an
additional amount or receive a refund? What is the amount? (LO 3.2)
$201 refund
6. Noor Patel is trying to decide between a $3,000 deduction for tuition and fees and a $2,000 education
credit. Noor is in the 25% tax bracket. Which would be the better option for her? (LO 3.2)
The deduction would reduce her taxes by $750. The credit would reduce her taxes by $2,000.
Therefore, the credit would be the better option.
7. Using the tax table on page 83, determine the amount of taxes for the following situations: (LO 3.3)
a. A head of household with taxable income of $50,000.
b. A single person with taxable income of $35,000.
c. Married taxpayers filing jointly with taxable income of $70,000.
a. A head of household with taxable income of $50,000.
 =$7,267.50
b. A single person with taxable income of $35,000.
 = $4,875
c. Married taxpayers filing jointly with taxable income of $70,000.
 = $9,750
8. If 300,000 people each receive an average refund of $1,500, based on an interest rate of 3 percent, what
would be the lost annual income from savings on those refunds? (LO 3.2)
= $13,500,000
9. Using the tax table in Exhibit 3–5 (p. 91), determine the amount of taxes for the following situations:
(LO 3.3)
a. A head of household with taxable income of $90,625.
b. A single person with taxable income of $90,001.
c. A married person filing a separate return with taxable income of $90,305.
a. A head of household with taxable income of $90,625 ($17,424).
b. A single person with taxable income of $90,001 ($18,824).
c. A married person filing a separate return with taxable income of $90,305 ($19,326).
10. Wendy Brooks prepares her own income tax return each year. A tax preparer would charge her $75
for this service. Over a period of 10 years, how much does Wendy gain from preparing her own tax
return? Assume she can earn 3 percent on her savings. (LO 3.3)
$859.80
11. Betty Sims has $30,000 of taxable income and $5,000 of medical expenses. She will be itemizing her
tax deductions this year. The most recent tax year has a medical expenses floor of 7.5%. How much of a
tax deduction will Betty be able to deduct? (LO 3.3)
$2,750 (deductible medical expenses).
12. Each year, the Internal Revenue Service adjusts the value of an exemption based on inflation (and
rounds to the nearest $50). If the exemption in a recent year was worth $3,700 and inflation was 1.2
percent, what would be the amount of the exemption for the upcoming tax year? (LO 3.3)
= $3,744.40, rounded to $3,750
13. Would you prefer a fully taxable investment earning 11.7 percent or a tax-exempt investment earning
9.1 percent? Why? (Assume a 25 percent tax rate.) (LO 3.4)
Assuming a 28 percent tax rate, a 9.1 percent tax-exempt return would be preferred.
14. On December 30, you decide to make a $2,000 charitable donation. (LO 3.4)
a. If you are in the 27 percent tax bracket, how much will you save in taxes for the current year?
$540 tax savings
b. If you deposit that tax savings in a savings account for the next five years at 8 percent, what will be the
future value of that account?
= $793.26
15. Reginald Sims deposits $2,500 each year in a tax-deferred retirement account. If he is in a 27 percent
tax bracket, what amount would his tax be reduced over a 20-year time period? (LO 3.4)
$13,500
16. If a person with a 33 percent tax bracket makes a deposit of $5,000 to a tax-deferred retirement
account, what amount would be saved on current taxes? (LO 3.4)
= $1,650
Download
Related flashcards
Finance

14 Cards

Credit

13 Cards

Banking

30 Cards

Payment systems

59 Cards

Corruption

19 Cards

Create flashcards