Test topics: Landforms, Topographic Maps, Latitude and Longitude

Earth’s Surface: Study Guide
Test Date: Friday, November 6, 2015
Test topics: Landforms, Topographic Maps, Latitude and Longitude, Weathering/Erosion/Deposition
1. Name a landform surrounded by water on three sides:_________________________________________
2. Name at least one mountain range of the United States: __________________________
3. A body of water that is partly enclosed by land (usually smaller than a gulf) is a______________________
4. A pointed piece of land that sticks out into a sea, ocean, lake, or river______________________________
5. A ring (or partial ring) of coral that forms an island in an ocean or sea ______________________
6. A narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water ________________________________
7. A very tall high, natural place on Earth - higher than a hill______________________________________
8. Dry barren land with less than 10 inches of rain per year _______________________________________
9. A low place between mountains ___________________________________________________________
10. A group or chain of islands clustered together in a sea or ocean__________________________________
Topographic Maps:
11. What is a topographic map?
12. The distance between contour lines is called what?____________________________________________
13. If contour lines are very close together then the slope of the mountain is very ______________________
14. If contour lines are far apart the slope of the mountain is _____________________________
Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition:
15. What are two types of weathering?
1. _____________________________
2. _____________________________
16. The transport or movement of weathered rock and soil is called _____________________.
17. What are 3 ways erosion can take place?
1. ________________________
2. ________________________
3. ________________________
18. After rock is broken down by weathering and carried away by erosion what process follows?
Latitude and Longitude
19. What are the imaginary horizontal lines on a globe called?________________________________
20. What are the imaginary vertical lines on a globe called?___________________________________
21-24. Use the following topographical map to answer the questions.
17. What is the contour interval in the map above? ____________________________________________
18. Which hill is taller Ash Hill or Oak Hill? _________________________________________________
19. What is the elevation of Ash Hill? ____________________________________________________
20. What is the elevation of Oak Hill?____________________________________________________
25. Label each statement as being an example of W(weathering), E(erosion), or D(deposition):
__________ Glacier leaves behind a straight pile of rocks.
__________ A rockslide crashes down the side of a mountain.
__________ Water freezes in the crack of a rock and breaks it in half.
___________ At the mouth of a river, sediment stops flowing and drops to the bottom.
__________ A river floods and carries sediment away from the surrounding land.
___________Vines grow through plants causing them to crack and break apart