Name Date . Chapter 1 Test: A Geographer’s World Matching - In the space provided, write the letter of the description that best matches the term or phrase (2 points each). 1. Globe 2. Grid 3. Latitude c. a unit of measurement of temperature or of distance on the earth’s surface. 4. Longitude d. the imaginary line of latitude that lies halfway between the North and the South poles and circles the globe. 5. Equator e. a line of longitude 6. Parallel f. Half of Earth, such as the Northern or Southern hemispheres or the Eastern and Western hemispheres. 7. Prime meridian g. the imaginary line of longitude that runs through Greenwich, England , from the North Pole to the South Pole. 8. Meridian h. a measure of distance east or west of the prime meridian. 9. Degree i. a scale model of Earth 10. Hemisphere a. a measure of distance north or south of the equator. b. a line of latitude j. the pattern of lines that circle the planet in east-west and north-south direction. Multiple Choice - In the space provided, write the letter of the answer choice that best completes each statement or best answers each question (4 points each). 1. What is the branch of geography that studies maps and mapmaking? a. Cartography b. Topography c. Meteorology d. Geography 2. What is the specialty areas of human geography? a. historical b. political c. medical d. all of the above 3. What are the four hemispheres? a. Northern, Southern, Eastern and Western b. North, South, East and West c. Northern, Eastern, South America and Western d. North America, South America, Eastern Europe and West 4. What is atlas? a. flat diagram of map b. round model of Earth c. collection of maps in a book d. a mental map 5. Compass rose is an element of a map that has arrows pointing north, south, east and west. a. true b. false Write the short answer to the questions (5 points each). 1. What is a drought? 2. What is the difference between site and situation? 3. Name the continents of the world. 4. Name the oceans of the world.