Unit 1: Introduction to Geography Review Sheet 1. What is Geography? 2. What is an example of Physical Geography? 3. What is an example of Human Geography? 4. FIVE THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY a. Explains how and why people, ideas, and goods travel from place to place. b. Areas of the Earth that have several common characteristics. c. How people affect their environment and how the environment affects people. d. The position of a place on the Earth’s surface. e. Description of a location by its physical and/or human characteristics. 5. Which theme of geography does each example describe? a. A rare plant is endangered by the humans moving into an area. b. People migrate to cities to get better jobs. c. The country closest to the North Pole is 450 miles south of it. d. North Africa and Southwest Asia have similar desert landscapes and climates. e. The United States has many rivers and plains and mountain ranges. 6. What is the major line of latitude? 7. What is the major line of longitude? 8. List and be prepared to locate the seven continents of the World. 9. The Prime Meridian splits the Earth into which two hemispheres….. 10. The Equator splits the Earth into which two hemispheres….. 11. Review the worksheets to prepare to plot locations on a map using Latitude and Longitude. 12. Which type of line measures the distance North and South of the Equator? 13. Which type of line measures the distance East and West of the Prime Meridian? 14. What are the advantages of using a map? 15. What are the disadvantages of using a map? 16. Describe the difference between a small scale map and a large scale map. 17. What is the difference between a political and physical map? 18. What are the three layers of the Earth? 19. What is the theory of plate tectonics? 20. Give two ways the appearance of the Earth changes from within. 21. Give two ways the appearance of the Earth changes from outside. 22. Define the following physical features. a. Island b. Lake c. Mountain d. Peninsula e. Plateau f. Isthmus g. Strait 23. What is weather? 24. What is climate? 25. Name the five climate zones of the World. 26. The vegetation of an area is determined by _________________________________. 27. Is the climate of an area determined by its latitude or longitude? 28. Name four ways in which humans harm their environment. 29. What are two consequences of these actions?