Maps Test Study Guide

Maps Test Study
1. Hemisphere- Half of a sphere. There are
four hemispheres in the world. The
northern, southern, western and eastern.
2. Degrees- Units that measure angles.
3. Minutes – Measure smaller units.
4. Map (coordinate) grid – Determining a
location on Earth’s surface using latitude
and longitude.
5. Compass Rose – A diagram of a compass
showing direction.
6. Cardinal Directions- North, South, East and
7. Intermediate Directions – Northwest,
Northeast, Southeast, Southwest
8. Scale – Shows how much space on a map
represents a given distance on the land.
9. Locator Map – Shows a larger area than the
main map. It shows where the area on the
map is located within this larger area
10.Map Key – Explains the symbols and
shading on a map.
11. Map symbol – Something that stands for a
particular object on a map.
12. Physical Map – A map that shows physical
or natural features.
13.Political Map – A map that shows political units
such as states or countries
14.Relief Map – A map that uses different colors or
textures to show the height or depth of
mountains, hills, valleys, etc.
15.Special purpose map – shows the location or
distribution of human or physical features.
16.Absolute location – Describes a places exact
location on Earth in terms of latitude and
17.Relative location – Location of a place relative
to another place.
17.Map- A 2-dimensional model of the Earth’s
18.Globe – A model of the Earth that is round
or 3-dimensional.
19.The four hemispheres are: Northern,
Southern, Western and Eastern
20.The four main oceans are: Pacific, Atlantic,
Indian and Arctic
21.The two imaginary lines that divide the
earth are: the Equator and the Prime
22.The equator divides the Earth into the
northern and southern hemispheres.
23.The Prime Meridian divides the Earth
into the western and eastern
24.The Prime Meridian is at 0 degrees longitude.
24.The Equator is at 0 degrees latitude.
25.Latitude lines measure from north to south.
Longitude lines measure from east to west.
26.The following ARE in order: