Latitude & Longitude

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Latitude & Longitude

What is Latitude?

        Lines that circle the globe east-west Measures how far north or south a point on Earth lies from the equator Each degree is separated by approximately 111km Equator: 0º (divides earth into Northern and Southern hemispheres) North Pole: 90º N South Pole: 90º S Tropic of Cancer: 23.5º N  Farthest northern latitude at which the Sun may appear directly overhead Tropic of Capricorn: 23.5º S  Farthest southern latitude at which the Sun may appear directly overhead

What is Longitude?

        Lines that circle the globe north-south Lines becomes closer to each other at the North and South Poles Measures how far east or west a point on Earth lies from the Prime Meridian Divides the earth in the Eastern and Western hemispheres Western hemisphere coordinates are from 0 to 180º W Eastern hemisphere coordinates are from 0 to 180º E The Earth altogether is 360º Prime Meridian is set at 0º & runs through Greenwich, England   Sets the Coordinated Universal Time (time zones) There are 24 times zones in the world (every 15º)

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