Modelling, mapping and monitoring woodland bats Habitat suitability modelling for Bechstein’s bat and the effect of an acoustic lure on woodland bats. It is important to investigate and use a range of available tools in conservation, as a species’ survival is often dependent on a number of interlinking factors (Poiani et al., 2000). Mapping the spatial distribution of vulnerable species is important for their conservation and can be done using a technique called habitat suitability modelling. A tool increasingly used in this field is maximum entropy modelling (MaxEnt); a type of “presence-only” habitat suitability modelling that allows spatial predictions to be generated without the need for absence data- useful when studying bats (Razgour, Hamner & Jones, 2011; Phillips, Anderson & Schapire, 2006). I used MaxEnt to model habitat suitability for M. bechsteinii in Britain and found that the species is limited to a southern distribution by habitat and climatic variables. The models produced were validated using new records for the species and therefore can be used to target future surveys in predicted suitable areas. It is also important to investigate new methods for monitoring and assessing species populations on a more local scale. As part of my thesis, I also investigated an acoustic lure (the Sussex AutoBat) as a method for monitoring bats in woodlands (Hill & Greenaway, 2005). I found that the lure was successful in increasing activity and captures of bats; and species differentially respond to different synthesized call playbacks. The lure is therefore a useful tool for studying bats and should be used as part of a carefully considered integrative approach to woodland monitoring, along with techniques such as acoustic monitoring.