Understanding Wildlife Habitat

advertisement
Understanding Wildlife Habitat
What is Wildlife Habitat?
The kind of place where an…
–
–
–
–
Animal
Bird
Fish
or plant live in a natural state.
Elements of Habitat
• COVER
• FOOD
• WATER
• SPACE
These elements must be
kept in a favorable balance
for Wildlife to survive.
Balance means…
• Elements are available in adequate amounts
• Are of high enough quality to meet the needs of
animals
• Are distributed where animals need them
Carrying Capacity
• Number of animals a habitat can support
over a given period of time
• Not a constant number
• Changes as the condition of the habitat
changes
Providing Cover
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Breeding area
Nesting area
Hiding place
Resting place
Safe place to sleep
Feeding area; and
Travel route
How can we help??
•
•
•
•
Growing vegetation
Provide structures
Learn cover needs
Plant trees and shrubs of various sizes and species
• Nest boxes for wood ducks
• Conifer plantings for ruffed grouse
**Provide vegetative travel lanes between types of cover
Providing food
• Animals must eat
– Get food by grazing
– Killing
– Eating other animals
• Bird feeder (small scale)
• Larger feeding stations
Can be harmful?
• If not done properly
• Animals (deer) may become too dependant
• May encourage overpopulations
Alternative to feeding…
• Encourage growth of natural sources of
food
• Plant trees
– Wild apple trees
• Crops
– Wild rice
• Plant crops that provide both food and
shelter for animals and birds.
Download
Related flashcards
Animal diseases

20 Cards

Pork dishes

78 Cards

Dog diseases

53 Cards

Meat

22 Cards

Sausages

22 Cards

Create flashcards