Family Name

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Families on the Periodic Table
• Elements on the periodic table can be
grouped into families bases on their
chemical properties.
• Each family has a specific name to
differentiate it from the other families in
the periodic table.
• Elements in each family
react differently with
other elements.
• Hydrogen (all alone)
• 1 Alkali Metals
• 2 Alkaline Earth Metals
• 3-12 Transition Metals
• 13 The Boron Family
• 14 The Carbon Group
• 15 The Nitrogen Group
• 16 The Oxygen Group
• 17 The Halogens
• 18 The Noble Gases
• Lanthanide Series
• Actinide Series
Families of Elements- Color your table
Hydrogen
• Hydrogen belongs to a family
of its own.
• Hydrogen is a reactive gas.
• Hydrogen was involved in the
explosion of the Hindenberg.
• Hydrogen is promising as an
alternative fuel source for
automobiles
http://ed.ted.com/periodic-videos
Alkali Metals
• 1st column on the
periodic table (Group
1) not including
hydrogen.
• Very reactive metals,
always combined with
something else in
nature (like in salt).
• Soft enough to cut
with a butter knife
http://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemaths-technology/science/chemistry/alkalimetals
Alkaline Earth Metals
• Second column on the
periodic table. (Group 2)
• Reactive metals that are
always combined with
nonmetals in nature.
• Several of these elements
are important mineral
nutrients (such as Mg and
Ca)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O6DaCYKh
77E
Transition Metals
• Elements in groups
3-12
• Less reactive harder
metals
• Includes metals used
in jewelry and
construction.
• Metals used “as
metal.”
Boron Family
• Elements in group
13
• Aluminum metal
was once rare
and expensive,
not a “disposable
metal.”
Carbon Family
• Elements in group 14
• Contains elements
important to life and
computers.
• Carbon is the basis for an
entire branch of
chemistry.
• Silicon and Germanium
are important
semiconductors.
Nitrogen Family
• Elements in group 15
• Nitrogen makes up over
¾ of the atmosphere.
• Nitrogen and phosphorus
are both important in
living things.
• Most of the world’s
nitrogen is not available
to living things.
• The red stuff on the tip of
matches is phosphorus.
Oxygen Family or Chalcogens
• Elements in group
16
• Oxygen is
necessary for
respiration.
• Many things that
stink, contain
sulfur (rotten eggs,
garlic, skunks,etc.)
Halogens
• Means salt former
• Elements in group 17
• Very reactive,
volatile, diatomic,
nonmetals
• Always found
combined with other
elements in nature .
• Used as disinfectants
and to strengthen
teeth.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u2ogMUDBaf4
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yW_C10cEzMk
The Noble Gases
The Noble Gases
• Elements in group 18
• VERY unreactive,
monatomic gases
• Used in lighted “neon”
signs
• Used in blimps to fix
the Hindenberg
problem.
• Have a full valence
shell.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qNaBMvJXdJ4
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QLrofyj6a2s
Family Name ________________
Family Photo
Family Home
Baby Picture
Family Traits
Family Name ___Hydrogen_____
Family Photo
Family Home
Baby Picture
Period 1, group 1
1 valence electron
Family Traits
Characteristics: Only one member of this familyhydrogen, it is a gas, it has one valence electron, it is
highly flammable, and it is the most abundant element
in the universe
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uy0m7jnyv6U
• Meet the Elements
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-wu0LixSBpk
http://laughingsquid.com/the-periodictable-of-elemental-discoveries-by-country/
Periodic table song
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zUDDiWtFtEM
&feature=youtube_gdata_player
•
"Hunting the Elements" NOVA special https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wsoZFTC02PY
(2012) NOVA show Hunting The Elements
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/physics/huntin
g-elements.html
lecture series with Peter Wothers is really,
really good: The Modern Alchemist: Air : Ri
Channel It covers something we all
experience with every breat
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