Cells and Cell Processes Final Review

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Topic: Final Exam Review
Aim: Let’s review Cells and Cell Processes
Do Now: Describe the difference between
independent and dependent variables.
HW: Human Systems Review Worksheet
E
Nucleus
Vacuole
Nucleolus
G
Mitochondria
H
ER
Ribosome
Cell
membrane
Nucleus
Cell membrane
Vacuole
Chloroplast
Cell Respiration
C6H12O6 + O2  CO2 + H20 + 36ATP
Photosynthesis
CO2 + H20  O2 + H20 + C6H12O6
Stigma
Filament
Ovary
Anther
Sepal
seed coat D
epicotyl A
hypocotyl B
C
cotyledon
Which sequence of terms is in the correct
order from simplest to most complex?
(1) cells, tissues, organs, organ
systems
(2) tissues, organisms, cells,
organ systems
(3) cells, tissues, organ systems,
organs
(4) organs, organisms, organ
systems, cells
One difference between plant and
animal cells is that animal cells do
not have
(1)a nucleus
(2)chloroplasts
(3)a cell membrane
(4)centrioles
Which structure permits the entry and
exit of materials in an animal cell?
(1.) lysosome
(2.) chromosome
(3.) cell wall
(4.) cell membrane
The structure most closely associated with
the destruction of worn out cell
organelles is the
(1.) lysosome
(2.) centrosome
(3.) vacuole
(4.) chromosome
Which is found in the nucleus?
(1.) ribosome
(2.) vacuole
(3.) lysosome
(4.) chromosome
The rigidity (support) of a plant
cell is due primarily to the
presence of the
(1) chloroplasts
(2) centrosomes
(3) cell membrane
(4) cell wall
Whitney observes a cell under the
microscope. She identifies it as a green
plant cell and not a cheek cell because of
a
(1.) nucleus
(2.) cell membrane
(3.) chloroplast
(4.) mitochondrion
While viewing a slide of rapidly moving
sperm cells, a student concludes that
these cells require a large amount of
energy to maintain their activity. The
organelles that most directly provide
this energy are known as
(1) vacuoles (2) chloroplasts
(3) ribosomes (4) mitochondria
Which structure is found ONLY in animal
cells?
(1.) cell wall
(2.) vacuoles
(3.) centrioles
(4.) chloroplasts
The organelle most closely associated
with the manufacture of proteins
within the cell is the
(1.) ribosome
(2.) nucleolus
(3.) cell wall
(4.) cell membrane
The breakdown of organic compounds
to produce ATP is known as
(1)cellular respiration
(2)transpiration
(3)active transport
(4) photosynthesis
An important molecule generated by both
lactic acid fermentation and alcoholic
fermentation is
(1) ATP
(2) CO2
(3) CO2
(4) H2O
When muscles are exercised extensively in
the absence of sufficient oxygen,
(1) lactic acid is produced
(2) a large amount of ATP is formed
(3) NADH molecules split
(4) oxidative respiration occurs
Yeast produce alcohol and CO2 in the
process of
(1)lactic acid fermentation
(2)alcoholic fermentation
(3)aerobic respiration
(4) glycolysis
In the presence of oxygen, _____
molecules of ATP can be formed.
(1)2
(2) 19
(3) 36
(4) 63
An end product of alcoholic fermentation is
(1)glucose
(2) oxygen
(3) carbon dioxide
(4) lactic acid
The life function of transport in an
organism directly involves those activities
used to:
1.absorb and distribute materials
2.obtain and break down materials
3.release energy from food
4.produce cellular waste products
1. What type of transport does this picture
represent? Active transport
2. Explain your answer.
Substances are moving from a LOW to HIGH concentration.
The diagram above shows the same type
of molecule in area A and area B. With
the passage of time, some molecules
move from area A to area B. This
movement is the result of the process
passive transport
of __________.
The movement of materials from lower to
higher concentration requiring energy is
called
(1.) movement
(2.) diffusion
(3.) active transport
(4.) cell division
Diffusion is a term for the movement of
molecules from
(1) an area of low concentration
to a high concentration
(2) an adjacent area to a gradient
area
(3) an area of high concentration
to a low concentration
(4) a nucleus to the mitochondria
Which diagram below represents one type
of human tissue? (The diagrams are not
drawn to scale.)
Three different human cells are shown below.
Which process occurs in all of these cells?
1. metamorphosis 2. locomotion
3. reproduction
4. photosynthesis
The basic life functions of an organism are
carried on by
(1) cells
(2) atoms
(3) nutrients
(4) hormones
Which term identifies a group of cells that
work together to perform a similar
function?
(1)molecule
(2) organism
(3) organ
(4) tissue
Which substance do all living things
require to survive?
(1)blood
(2) carbon dioxide
(3) water
(4) organic soil
One important difference between living
things and nonliving things is that only
living things have
(1)compounds
(2) molecules
(3) elements
(4) cells
In order to survive, all organisms must
have
(1)chlorophyll
(2) energy
(3) carbon dioxide
(4) blood
The sum of all chemical reactions that take
place within an organism is known as
(1) evolution
(2) circulation
(3) metabolism
(4) reproduction
During which process do cells use oxygen
to release stored energy?
(1) photosynthesis
(2) circulation
(3) respiration
(4) digestion
Which term describes an organism’s ability
to maintain a stable internal environment?
(1)reproduction
(2) locomotion
(3) extinction
(4) regulation
All plants and animals have
mechanisms that
(1) transport nutrients
(2) perform photosynthesis
(3) regulate nerves
(4) produce flowers
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