Career Development Interventions in the Elementary Schools The Parent/Guardian Connection Career Development During Elementary School (Erikson) During elementary school years, students need to develop initiative (ages 4-6) and industry (ages 6-12). When these tasks are accomplished, they use curiosity to gather information about themselves and the world. These behaviors result in personal effectiveness that is rewarded by positive outcomes. Goals of Career Interventions at Elementary School Level (Super & Savickas) Encourage students to participate in activities related to their interests Help children become concerned about the future increase personal control over their lives convince themselves to achieve in school and at work develop competent work habits and attitudes Parental Involvement Parents have substantial influence over the career development of their children. They provide greatest amount of direct and indirect exposure to work. Their influence is most effective when it is planned, intentional, and goal-oriented. They, however, possess minimal knowledge of career development theory and how environmental factors affect development. Ways in Which Parents Can Assist Children (Herr & Kramer) Encourage children to analyze selfcharacteristics (interests, capacities, values) Communicate work requirements to children. Discuss the importance of work values in work behavior. Explain the relationship among work, pay, and the economic condition of the family. Ways in Which Parents Can Assist Children (Herr & Kramer) Connect children with informational resources (workers, books, films). Be careful to avoid stereotyping occupational alternatives and workers. Provide children with opportunities for work in the home and community. Provide children with opportunities to learn and practice decision-making skills.