This is a dream which/that never come true. Grammar Which one is Harry Porter ? The boy is Harry Porter Which one is Harry Porter ? 定语从句 who is wearing glasses is The boy _______________________ Harry Porter . (Attributive clause) 一、概念: 在复合句中修饰名词或代词的句子. (在句子中作定语) Harry Porter is a smart boy. 形容词作定语 Harry Porter is a boy who has magic power. 句子作定语,修饰boy, 叫做定语从句 Harry Porter is a boy who has magic power. 先行词 关系词 关系代词 which, who, whom, whose, that 定语从句 关系副词 where, when， why 二、用法: 关系代词: who whom whose 先 行 词 是 人 These are the students who / that won the first place last year. that which 先行词是物 These are the trees which / that were planted last year. I like some friends. Some friends like sports. I like frineds who/that like sports. 修饰先行词 friends I have an apple. The apple is red. I have an apple that/which is red. 修饰先行词 an apple relative pronoun 关系 代词 who whom which that whose 在定语从句中所充当的 成分 指代 人 物 句子 主语 宾语 定语 Have a try 指出关系代词在定语从句中的成份： 1.The man who came to our school is Mr. Wang. ( 主语 ) 2.The girl (whom) I met is Lucy. ( 宾语 ) 3.A child whose parents are dead is called Tom. ( 定语 ) 4.I like the book (which) you bought yesterday. ( 宾语 ) 2.引导定语从句的关系副词 When=on(in,during…)which 关系副词 where=on(in,in front of…)which Why=for which This was the time when he arrived. This is place where he works. Nobody knows the reason why he is often late for school. 1. who, whom, whose, that 用法区别. ① who 作定语从句的主语或宾语. The man who is speaking at the meeting is a worker. The man is a worker. 分解 The man is speaking at the meeting. 作主语 ② whom 作定语从句的宾语 The woman whom they wanted to visit is a teacher. 分解 The woman is a teacher. They wanted to visit the woman. 作宾语 ③ that 可以作定语从句的主语和宾语. 可省略 The man who / that is speaking at the meeting is a worker. The woman (whom / that) they wanted to visit is a teacher. ④ whose 作定语从句的定语. I know the girl whose mother is a teacher. I know the girl. 分解 The girl’s mother is a teacher. 作定语 2. which, that 的用法 which 作定语从句的主语或宾语. 可省略 This is a truck which / that is made in China. 作主语 I like the book (which / that) you bought yesterday. 作宾语 A matching game！！！ Match the two sentences 1.I’m reading a book. The book is about Bill Gates. I’m reading a book that/which is about Bill Gates. _______________________________________ 2.He is a teacher. The teacher teaches us Chinese. He is a teacher who/ that teaches us Chinese. _______________________________________ 3.I don’t like the man. He is smoking. I don’t like the man who is smoking. ____________________________________ 4.Where is the picture? You bought it last week. Where is the picture that you bought last week? _______________________________________ Exercise 1 :用关系代词填空 1. The boy ____________ who / that is playing ping-pong is my classmate. 2. The e-mail ___________ which/ that I received yesterday was from my sister. who / that 3. I hate people ______________ talk much but do little. which / that my father bought last 4. The car _____________ month is very beautiful. whose hair is white is his grandfather. 5. The man ______ whose 6. Is there a student _________ father is a business man? which 7. This is the house in ________ we have lived for 10 years. 8.I’ve never heard of the people and things ________ that you talked about just now. 当先行词同时指人和物时，关系代词 只能用that. Exercise 2. 1. My father and his teacher talked a lot about that they couldn’t the persons and things ______ remember. that 2. Say all ________ you know. 3. Is there anything ______ that I can do for you? 当先行词是something, anything, nothing, all 等词时，关系代词只能用that. 4.This is the first play ________ that I have seen since I came here. 5. This is the best novel _______ that I have read. 当先行词被序数词，最高级等词修饰时，关系 代词只能用that. 6.Who is the girl _______is that standing under the tree? that we used last Sunday. 7. Which is the machine ____ 当主句是who或which 引导的特殊疑问句， 而中心词指人或物时，关系代词只能用 that. Mary is a girl who has long hair. The person (whom) Tom is talking to is my father. This is a dream. The dream will never come true. This is a dream which/that never come true.