Presentation Umea ppt

Presented by
Lulu Kahla
a) How was life in South Africa during the
Apartheid Era.
b) Changes were made after gaining Democracy
in 1994.
c) Challenges facing South Africa today
d) How does AIDS influence education,
educators and learners?
e) Today’s vision about hosting the 2010 World
The map of South
Africa before 1994
A map of South Africa before 1994, showing the original four provinces
of the Cape,
Orange Free State, Natal and Transvaal, as well as the grand apartheid
The Map of South
Nine provinces
Pretoria- Administration
Cape Town –Parliament
2.7 times bigger than Sweden
Population 49,3 million
1 Rand = 1 SEK
Diversity of South
Data source: Statistics South
Population of South Africa by Race
Population bay race
Data source: Statistics South
The system of legal racial segregation was
enforced by the National Party government in SA
between 1948 and 1994 (46 yrs).
The National Party legislation classified inhabitants
into racial groups (‘black’, ‘white’, ‘coloured’ and
In 1958 Blacks were deprived of their citizenship,
legally becoming citizens of one of the ten tribally
based self-governing homelands called bantustans.
Created basis for
ethnic government in
African reserves or
Blacks had no rights
in South Africa. Their
rights were restricted
to the so called
The White Government
had complete control
over the homelands.
By Mzoli Mncanca
medical care and other public services and
provided black people with service inferior to
those of Whites
 Practical separation of residential areas
 Separation of public institutions e.g. schools
and hospitals.
 Separation of jobs, ”jobs for whites only”
 Separate use of facilities like toilets, chairs,
bus stops, stair-cases etc.
 Black buses stopped at black bus stops and
white buses at white ones. Trains, hospitals
and ambulances were segregated
Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act 55 of
1949, prohibiting marriages between white
people and people of other races
Blacks were not allowed to run a business in
the areas that were meant for white South
Colonialism and apartheid had an impact on
women since they suffered both racial and
gender discrimination.
Women had few or no legal rights. No right to
own property.
Bantu Education Act (1953) gave the
central government control over African
"Native education should be controlled . . . in
accord with the policy of the state . . . If the
native in South Africa today in any kind of
school in existence is being taught to expect
that he will live his adult life under a policy of
equal rights, he is making a big mistake . . .
There is no place for him in the European
community above the level of certain forms
of labor." -Hendrik Verwoerd, Prime Minister
By Mzoli Mncanca
Black students
were forced to
learn in Afrikaans.
Protests against
Afrikaans started.
More than 500
black students
killed by white
More than a
thousand men,
women and
By Mzoli Mncanca
1969 Secrete agents involving a plot.
1982 Mandela including his collegues
treferreed to Pollsmoor Prison.
1985 President P. W Botha offered conditional
release for Nelson Mandela.
Then, first meeting between Mandela and NP
Throughout Mandela’s imprisonment, local
and international pressure mounted on SA
government to release him under the
resounding slogan ”FREE NELSON MANDELA”.
1989, president Botha suffered a stroke, and
was replaced by F W De Klerk
2 Feb 1990, FW De Klerk unbanned the ANC,
11 Feb 1990 releases Nelson Mandela.
South Africa
Democratic South
Africa -HR
1994 – 1997 Nelson Mandela became the first
Black President, FW De Klerk the first Deputy
President and Thabo Mbeki the second.
1997 – 2006 then Thabo Mbeki become the
second Black President and Jacob Zuma was a
Deputy President.
2009 Jacob Zuma become the fourth
Democratic President up until today after the
Acting President Ralima Motlhale.
High rate of unemployment
Inequality with a racial overlay
Lastly, poverty especially to those who were
disadvantaged before democracy.
In schools :
 Endemic to rural areas including overcrowding, poor
school infrastructure (including collapsing ceilings
and broken windows), high student to teacher ratio,
long walk to get to school and lastly, the lack of
teaching and learning resources.
Violences in schools is increasing, Special
needs and problems resulting from the HIV/
AIDS pandemic, social problems such as
substance abuse.
Non-governmental organisation are the main
providers of children’ social welfare services
and working along with the government.
2009 South Africa hosted the Configaration
Cup in June, and results were good to see
Bafana Bafana reach semi finals and playing
with good teams such as SPAIN and
2010, from 11 June – 11 July again, SA will be
hosting 32 best teams around the world and
millions of spectators coming to watch those
The is still
a long
way to go
for SA!!
By Mzoli Mncanca
Related flashcards

24 Cards


46 Cards

Media in Kiev

23 Cards

Sports television

32 Cards

Create flashcards