Chapter 2 Review

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Chapter 2 Review
p. 48 - 49
1. Explored the West Indies
Answer: Christopher Columbus
2. Searched for the “Fountain of Youth” in Florida
Answer: Juan Ponce de Leon
3. Led the second expedition around the world
Answer: Francis Drake
4. Led an expedition that became the first
group of Europeans to see the Pacific
Ocean
Answer: Vasco Nunez de Balboa
5. England sent him to explore. His
search for the East Indies failed, but he
reached Newfoundland
Answer: John Cabot
6. Explored the St. Lawrence River
Answer: Jacques Cartier
4. Led an expedition that became the first
group of Europeans to see the Pacific
Ocean
Answer: Vasco Nunez de Balboa
5. England sent him to explore. His
search for the East Indies failed, but he
reached Newfoundland
Answer: John Cabot
6. Explored the St. Lawrence River
Answer: Jacques Cartier
7. Sailed to North Carolina and Newfoundland in
search of the Northwest Passage.
Answer: Giovanni da Verrazano
8. Defeated the Aztecs
Answer: Hernando Cortes
9. His expedition was the first to sail around the
world, though he was killed during the journey.
Answer: Ferdinand Magellan
10. America is named after him.
Answer: Amerigo Vespucci
11. Worked for Vasco Nunez de Balboa before
becoming interested in conquering the Incas.
Answer: Francisco Pizarro
1. How did the globe, compass, and map improve
exploration?
The globe, compass, and map improved
exploration because sailors could use these tools
to make travel safer and easier.
2. What happened when other countries became
jealous of Spain’s discoveries in the New World?
French, Dutch, and English ships began seizing
Spanish ships and looting Spanish towns.
3. Why was defeating the Spanish Armada
important for the English?
Defeating the Spanish Armada was important for
the English because it increased the country’s
power in Europe.
4. What was Roanoke colony? Who started it?
Roanoke colony was the first English colony. It was
started by John White. The colony disappeared.
5. What was the first French colony? Who started
it?
Samuel de Champlain set up the first French
colony in Quebec on the St. Lawrence River.
6. Why did many people want to leave England
when James I became king?
Many people wanted to leave England when King
James I became king because of his strict religious
rules.
1. Do you think the Europeans would have found
the New World as quickly if Columbus had not
made his voyages? Why or why not?
2. Who do you think was the most important
explorer? Why?
3. Many people left England because they were
searching for political or religious freedom. Do you
think these rights are important in the United
States today? Why or why not?
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