Lesson 11 and 12 Grammar

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A pronoun is a word that takes
the place of one or more
nouns.
Pro- means for (standing
FOR a noun)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=
yg9MKQ1OYCg

Pronouns that are used to refer to people or
things are called personal pronouns.

Examples: he, she, it
A subject pronoun is used as the
subject of a sentence. The
subject is WHO or WHAT the
sentence is about.
She is my sister.
It is my hat.
Does he have a dog.
You and I go to the movie.
An object pronoun is a personal
pronoun in the objective case. It
is used as the direct or inderect
object of a verb. Object pronouns
will never be the subject of the
sentence.
Give the pencil to me.
The teacher gave her a referral.
I will tell you a secret.
Hannah read it to them.
Singular
Subject Pronouns
Object Pronouns
Plural
I
you
he, she, it
we
you
they
me
you
him, her, it
us
you
them
1.
Listen to this song and then
lets try it together!
http://www.youtube.com/wat
ch?v=SWnc1HSCvRY
2.
Activity. Complete WS p. 16
as a table and then we will
go over it together.
How do you know when to use me or I, we or us?
1. Use a Subject Pronoun as a subject
2. Use Object pronoun as object of the verb
Examples (Circle the correct pronoun listed):
SUBJECTShe owns a collection of books.
INDIRECT OBJECTHe told her an amusing story.
DIRECT OBJECTThe fable entertained us.
When in a pair (Susan and I)
Always take the pronoun OUT of the pair
to see which pronoun is the correct one to use.
EXAMPLES:
Richard and (I or me) recited the story.
Jennifer helped Richard and (I or me).
Read sentence without the words that the pronoun is
paired with to see what works.
When using a pronoun in a pair:
**ALWAYS put the pronoun second
Seth and I read some comic books.
(Not I and Seth)
Science interests Mike and me.
(Not me and Mike).
In formal writing and speech:
use a subject pronoun after a linking verb.
RIGHT  The winner is she.
NOT  She is the winner.

Complete WS p. 19, Using Pronouns Correctly
and then we will review as a class.
AntecedentThe noun or group of words that a pronoun refers
to
Example:
Tyler read “The Hungry Caterpillar.” He found it
exciting.
ANTECEDENT of he  ___________________
ANTECEDENT of exciting  __________________
RULE FOR PRONOUNS and
ANTECEDENTS:
1.
2.
Pronoun must agree with
antecedent in number (singular or
plural) and gender.
The gender of a noun may be
masculine (male), feminine (female),
or neuter (referring to things).
Complete WS p. 17 for Review
Possessive Pronoun
A pronoun that shows who or
what has something.
NOTE:
A possessive pronoun
may take the place of a
possessive noun.
Examples:
Matt’s shoe is too small.
Replace noun with possessive pronoun.
_______ shoe is too small.
Mike’s homework is perfect.
Possesive Noun- __________
Replace with pronoun- _________
________ homework is perfect.
Possessive pronouns have two forms.
- One form is used before a noun.
- The other form is used alone.
Used
before
nouns
Used
alone
Singular
Plural
my
your
his, her, its
mine
yours
his, hers, its
our
your
their
ours
yours
theirs
ALWAYS REMEMBER:
POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS do NOT contain an
apostrophe.
* Possessive its never splits.
*It’s - is a contraction standing for it is
*Its  no apostrophe is POSSESSIVE
Example:
I love my book. (Its) characters are funny.
*Its is a possevive pronoun standing for
what noun?
Complete WS p. 18 to review
possessive pronouns
indefinite pronoun
A pronoun that does not refer to a particular
person, place, or thing.
Example:
Does anyone know where Mr. Malloy went?
Everyone thought he was hiding in a locker.
NOTE:
Most indefinite pronouns are either ALWAYS
singular or plural.
Singular
another
anybody
anyone
anything
each
either
everybody
everyone
everything
much
neither
nobody
Plural
no one
nothing
one
somebody
someone
something
both
few
many
others
several
SINGULAR or PLURAL
All, any, most, none and some can be singular or
plural, depending on the phrase that follows them.
When an indefinite pronoun is used as the
subject, the verb must agree with it in number.
EXAMPLE:
Everyone discusses the dance last Friday. (singular)
Both talk about how fun it was! (plural)
All of the dance was very loud. (singular)
All of the middle schoolers were dancing fools. (plural)
Possessive pronouns often have indefinite pronouns
as their antecedents. In such cases, the pronouns
must agree in number.
Each of the teachers has his or her unique
teaching style.
Several have funny conversations with their
students.
Complete WS p. 19
reviewing
Indefinite pronouns
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