Pronoun Reference

advertisement
Make pronoun references clear.
(A challenge for many ECA students.)
What is a pronoun?
• Pronouns substitute for nouns; they are a kind
of short hand. In a sentence like After Andrew
intercepted the ball, he kicked it as hard as he
could, the pronouns he and it substitute for
the nouns Andrew and ball. The word a
pronoun refers to is called its antecedent.
Differences between English & Spanish
• In English, the pronoun is never dropped from
the sentence because it is understood. You all
know this, but some of you forget when you
write and speak English.
About Grammar Checkers
• They do not flag problems with faulty pronoun
reference. Grammar checkers would miss the
ambiguous pronoun reference in the following
sentence: The thief stole the woman’s purse
and her car and then destroyed it.
Examples of Ambiguous Reference
• When Gloria set the pitcher on the glasstopped table, it broke.
• BETTER—The pitcher broke when Gloria set it
on the glass-topped table.
Another Example
• Tom told James that he had won the lottery.
Who won the lottery—Tom or James?
• BETTER—Tom told James, “You have won the
lottery.”
Implied Reference
• A pronoun must refer to a specific antecedent,
not to a word that is implied but not present
in the sentence.
FOR EXAMPLE
• After braiding Ann’s hair, Sue decorated them
with brightly colored ribbons.
• BETTER—After braiding Anne’s hair, Sue
decorated the braids with brightly colored
ribbons.
A Subtle Implied Reference
• In Mary Gordon’s The Shadow Man, she writes
about her father’s mysterious and startling
past.
• BETTER—In The Shadow Man, Mary Gordon
writes about her father’s mysterious and
startling past.
Download
Related flashcards

Markup languages

34 cards

Punctuation

15 cards

Parts of speech

13 cards

Grammar

24 cards

Punctuation

19 cards

Create Flashcards