Types of Sentences! Four types of sentences: • Simple • Compound • Complex • Compound-complex First of all, let’s talk about subjects.. Review: What is a subject, anyway? Answer: the person or thing we are talking about in the sentence. Write down the subjects of these sentences: • 1. The dog yelped. • 2. I am very happy right now. • 3. In n Out has a secret menu. Predicate • Definition: What the subject is doing, or what the subject is like. •Ex. The tree fell down. •Ex. He is cool. Write down the predicates. • 1. The fire alarm kept ringing. • 2. I love fishing. • 3. The dog ate my laptop case. • 4. She is nice. Simple subject versus compound subject • Simple subject: one main subject • Tommy was jumping. • The zoo took my money. • Compound subject: multiple parts to a subject Tommy and Bobby were jumping. The zoo and the safari park took my money. Simple predicate vs compound predicate • Simple predicate: one main predicate • He ate the whole thing! • The girl was so brash. Compound predicate: two or more predicates • He ate the whole thing and threw up! • The girl was so brash and hated being there. Practice • Write sentences that include: • 1. a simple subject and a simple predicate • 2. a compound subject and a simple predicate • 3. a simple subject and a compound predicate • 4. a compound subject and a compound predicate Read “Raymond’s Run” • While we are reading the fifth page, try to pick up on simple vs. compound predicates and subjects. Homework • Write down FOUR sentences about “Raymond’s Run” resolution. • 1st sentence: use a simple subject • 2nd sentence: use a compound subject • 3rd sentence: use a simple predicate • 4th sentence: use a compound predicate • Highlight the above! Simple Sentence • Simple sentences have a • Subject • Predicate • and have one complete thought • Ex. Amy and Sally were fighting. • Billy was climbing and falling off the ladder. Warm Up Write down the subject(s) and predicate(s) in each of the sentences. 1. Tommy ran. 2. Julie and Amy went to the mall. 3. She was kicking and also running. 4. The dog and cat fought and forgave. Warm Up (continued) • Write down a sentence that contains each of these: 1. one subject and one predicate 2. one subject and two predicates 3. two subjects and two predicates Compound Sentence • A compound sentence has at least TWO independent clauses (two complete thoughts). • Amy listened; she whispered. • I am angry, but he is not. Compound Sentence • Two independent clauses (two complete thoughts) can be connected with a COMMA (,) and a coordinating conjunction (for and nor but or yet so) • Ex. I am happy, and she is excited. • Ex. Don’t touch the giraffe, so he can rest. Compound Sentence • Two independent clauses can be combined with a semicolon (;). • I am happy; she is excited! • They are cool; they are so smart. Subordinating Conjunctions and Complex Sentences Review • Simple sentence = 1 independent clause • Compound sentence = 2 or more independent clauses • Independent clause • has subject AND predicate • Has a COMPLETE thought Dependent Clauses • Dependent clauses • Have subject AND predicate • DON’T have COMPLETE thought • Independent clause: • I jumped on the bridge. • The girl is nice. • Dependent clause: • When I jumped on the bridge • Even though the girl is nice • Dependent clauses often start with SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS • After, although, as, because, before, even if, even though, if, provided, rather than, since, so that, than, though, unless, until, whether, while Complex Sentence Patterns • Complex sentences have 1 dependent clause and 1 independent clause. • 1. Dependent clause , (COMMA) independent clause • Before I saw the movie, I got a seat. • 2. Independent clause dependent clause. • I got a seat before I saw the movie. Practice • Find the independent and dependent clauses in the sentence. • 1. I like ice cream even though it melts quickly. • 2. While I vacuum the room, you should clean. • 3. The boy is mean, but the girl is meaner. Practice • 1. Write a sentence that uses the subordinating conjunction “UNLESS” in a dependent clause • 2. Write a sentence that uses the subordinating conjunction “BECAUSE” in a dependent clause Quick Activity • 1. Write four different short independent clauses on the strips of paper. • 2. Trade all of your strips. • 3. With the four strips you get back, make two complex sentences using subordinating clauses.. Let’s see what we come up with! Review • Fix the following to make them correct sentences: • 1. As the rain fell. • 2. I had fun, and Billy too. • 3. While I was there I saw an orca whale. • 4. The dark cold mist. • Write two of each • 1. simple sentence • 2. compound sentence • 3. complex sentence Compound Complex Sentences • Has AT LEAST one dependent clause • Have AT LEAST two independent clauses • Pretty much, a sentence that is both a compound sentence and a complex sentence. Examples • As I napped, I heard a noise at the window, so I woke up. • The hurricane was strong, and I got scared after I saw the tree crash down. • I got in trouble because I lied, and I promised never to lie again. On your own.. • Try writing a compoundcomplex sentence on your own!