September th th 15 -19 This week’s standards & essential question O 7RL2 – Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary. O 7L1b– Chose among simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences to signal differing relationships among ideas O Essential Question - How does comprehension of informational and/or literary text contribute to lifelong learning? September 14, 2014 Warm-up Constructed Response Writing section O Read the passage you received when you entered the classroom O In your writing section, write a constructed response to the following question: In the President’s speech he listed several strategies to combat ISIS. What were the strategies President Obama proposed to use to against ISIS? O Use your Show Me the Evidence and R.A.C.E. handouts to help you formulate your response. Journal – Blue Foam September 16, 2014 Amigo Brothers O List the names of the two main characters. List three details that tell how similar, or alike, they are. Why do you think the author wants us to know this? O In boxing, a competition between two boxers is called a bout, just as a competition between two baseball teams is called a game. Why do you think different terms are used to label competitions in different sports? O Knowing what you do about Felix and Antonio, what do you think they might feel about having the opportunity to fight in the Golden Gloves Championship Tournament? Amigo Brothers O Felix tells Antonio that he plans to train alone. What impact, or effect, do you think this will have on their friendship? O The suffix –ly usually turns adjectives into adverbs. Write a sentence using the adjective lame rather than the adverb lamely. O How does the boys’ decision to train separately add to what you know about Felix and Antonio? Amigo Brothers O The word torrent means “flood” or “rush.” Why does Felix release a torrent of punches? O Has Felix completely resolved his internal conflict about fighting Antonio? How do you know? O Yesteryear is a term that is not in common use today. Draw a line between “yester” and “year.” What might this word mean? Amigo Brothers O How has the conflict between the two friends changed? O Compare and contrast the boys’ actions. O List Antonio’s actions. List Felix’s actions. How are they similar and different? O What do you learn from the advice of the two trainers? Amigo Brothers O Frenzied means “wild.” Why do you think the use of this word is appropriate in this scene? O How does round three connect to the boys’ fears of fighting their best fights? O List details that build suspense right up to the climax of the story. Write the resolution that shows whether Antonio and Felix can still be friends. What do you think of what has happened in the end? A. Simple, B. Compound, C. Complex, D. Compound-Complex 1. Chin is an outgoing person C who enjoys socializing with friends. 2. I went home, and I went to sleep because I was tired. D 3. Like a good student, he studied his work. 4. I was coming, but I’m late. B 5. Stubborn by nature, he became reluctant. 6. I am here because I tutor, so you should come. D A A A. Simple, B. Compound, C. Complex, D. CompoundComplex 1. Carmen checked the books out of the C library because she was curious about sailing. 2. The costumes are perfect, not at all oldA fashioned. A 3. He wears showy shoes, capes, and robes. 4. The work is lovely; I have seen it before. B 5. In the beginning, we saw the previews. A 6. Uncle Henry wears rings and chains. A A. Simple, B. Compound, C. Complex, D. CompoundComplex C 1. Chin is an outgoing person who enjoys socializing with friends. 2. I went D home, and I went to sleep because I was tired. 3. Like a good student, he studied his work. A 4. I was coming, but I’m late. 5. Stubborn by nature, he became reluctant. B 6. I am here because I tutor, so you should come. A D Sentence Structure: Sentence Types Sentence Types OSimple OCompound OComplex OCompound-Complex Basic Elements of Every Sentence SUBJECT PREDICATE Simple Sentence O A simple sentence has one subject and one predicate. Simple Sentence Observe how a simple sentence is constructed: We went to San Juan yesterday. Simple Sentence Pronoun Verb Prepositional phrase We went to San Juan . Simple subject Complete predicate SIMPLE SENTENCE SUBJECT PREDICATE Mary plays tennis. one subject one predicate Compound Sentence Compound Sentence O A compound sentence has more than one part that can stand alone (independent clauses). O Independent coordinating clauses are conjunctions, adverbs or a semi-colon. connected by conjunctive Compound Sentence We went to San Juan, and most of us danced all night. COMPOUND SENTENCE: COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS Tom swims, and Mary plays tennis. Clause 1 Independent Clause 2 Independent COMPOUND SENTENCE: CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS Bob is handsome; moreover, he is rich. Clause 1 Independent Clause 2 Independent Semicolons COMPOUND SENTENCE: SEMICOLON Tom has benefited from his exercise program; he is slim and energetic. Complex Sentence Complex Sentence O A complex sentence has at least two parts: one that can stand alone and another one that cannot O The part that cannot stand alone is linked to the rest of the conjunction sentence by a subordinating Complex Sentence Since my friend and I wanted to have fun, we went to San Juan yesterday. Complex Sentence Since we wanted to have fun, Subordinating Conjunction Part that cannot stand alone Subject Predicate we went to San Juan yesterday. COMPLEX SENTENCE: SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS Bob is popular even though he is weird. Clause 1 Independent Clause 2 Dependent COMPLEX SENTENCE: SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS Even though Bob is weird, he is popular. Clause 1 Dependent Clause 2 Independent Compound-Complex Sentence Compound-Complex Sentence O This type of sentence has more than one part that can stand alone, and at least one that cannot. O Conjunctions link the different parts of this sentence. Compound-Complex Sentence Since we wanted to have fun, my friend and I went to San Juan yesterday, and we danced all night. Compound-Complex Sentence Subordinating Conjunction Since we wanted to have fun, Part that cannot stand alone my friend and I went to San Juan, Coordinating Conjunction Subject Predicate and we danced all night. Exercises Say if the following sentences are: Simple, compound, complex or compoundcomplex. Grammar Warm-up – September 17, 2014 Sentence Types Write the sentences in your grammar section. Label the sentence types: S (simple), C (compound), CX (complex), and CPCX (compound complex) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The bell rang. Bridget ran the first part of the race, and Tara biked the second part. He stands at the bottom of the cliff while the climber moves up the rock. The skier turned and jumped. Naoki passed the test because he studied hard and understood the material. Answers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Simple Compound Complex Simple complex 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Because Kayla has so much climbing experience , we asked her to lead our group. You and I need piano lessons. I planned to go to the hockey game, but I couldn’t get tickets. Dorothy likes white water rafting, but she also enjoys kayaking. There are many problems to solve before this program can be used, but engineers believe that they will be able to solve them soon. Answers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Complex Simple Compound Compound Compound-complex References Writing Academic English, Second Edition, by Alice Oshima and Ann Hogue. White Plains: Addison, Wesley, Longman, 1999. The Little, Brown Handbook, by H. Ramsey Fowler and Jane E. Aaron, Pearson, 2004.