7 The Road to Revolution_

advertisement

The Road to Revolution,

1763-1775

Although the American colonists resisted tighter British controls after

1763, the crisis erupted into a colonial revolution that began in New England.

•Imperial Controls

•Crisis in the Colonies

•War

I. Imperial Controls

A.

B.

1.

2.

British Colonial Policy, pre-1763

Economic Policy: Unregulated Mercantilism a.

Navigation Acts, 1650

Political Policy: Decentralized government a.

Royal Veto used sparingly b.

Whig influence

1.

2.

British Colonial Policy, post-1763

Economic Policy: Regulated Mercantilism a.

Restricted lax bankruptcy laws b.

c.

d.

Sugar Act raised but lowered

Currency Act addressed currency crisis

Quartering Act to house troops

Political Policy: Centralized government a.

b.

Royal veto (used sparingly 469/8563)

Virtual representation

II. Crisis in Colonies

A.

B.

Stamp Act, 1765

1.

2.

Purpose: Raise revenue to pay for troop deployment a. Admiralty courts

Colonial Reaction a.

b.

c.

d.

Legislation v. taxation

Stamp Act Congress

Nonimportation of British goods

Sons and Daughters of Liberty

3.

British Reaction a.

Declaratory Act

Townsend Acts, 1767

1.

Colonial Reactions a.

b.

c.

Boston Massacre, 1770

Gaspee Incident, 1771

Committee of Correspondence,

1772

II. Crisis in Colonies (cont.)

C.

D.

E.

Tea Act, 1773

1. Boston Tea Party

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Intolerable (Coersive Acts),

1773

Boston Port Act

MA Government Act

Administration of Justice Act

Quartering Act

Quebec Act, 1773

1.

Colonial Response

Continental Congress, 1774

a.

b.

Declaration of Rights and

Resolves

The Association

2.

Colonial Militias a.

Paul Revere/William Dawes b.

c.

Lexington, April 20, 1775

Concord (273 v. 95)

Great Britain by 1775

STRENGTHS

• Pop favored GB (7.5 to

2.5)

• GB had more $

• Slaves joined GB

• Indians joined GB

• GB had 50,000 army

• GB hired 30,000 army

• GB enlisted 50,000

Loyalists

WEAKNESSES

• Overcome enormous distances

• America too large

• Poor leadership

• GB had to win

• Ireland & France

• Whigs cheering American victory

American Colonies by 1775

STRENGTHS

• Outstanding leadership

• $ from France

• Military aid from France

• Defensive war

• Agriculturally selfsustaining

• Better marksman

• Moral advantage

WEAKNESSES

• Badly organized

• Colonial rivalry

• Economic difficulties

• Military problems

• Low morale in

Revolutionary Army

• Greed among profiteers

• Only select few truly committed

• Pretty

• Silly

• Tammy

• Baked

• Tea

• Cookies

Memory Aid

• Inside

• Freshly

• Layered

• Spicy

• Dough

Vocabulary, Chapter 7

5.

6.

7.

8.

1.

2.

3.

4.

9.

10.

John Hancock

Lord North

George Grenville

Samuel Adams

Charles Townshend

John Adams

Crispus Attucks

Marquis de

Lafayette

King George III

Baron von Steuben

1. Mercantilism

2. Nonimportation agreement

3.

“Virtual” representation

4. Quebec Act

5. Navigation Acts

6. Declaratory Act

7. First Continental Congress

8. Sugar Act

9. Townshend Acts

10. Quartering Acts

11. Boston Massacre

12. Stamp Act

13. Committees of correspondence

14. Boston Tea Party

15. Stamp Act Congress

16. Intolerable Acts

Matching Cause and Effect

4.

5.

6.

1.

2.

3.

7.

8.

9.

10.

Cause

America’s distance from Britain and the growth of colonial self-government a.

British mercantilism

The large British debt incurred defending the colonies in the French and Indian

War

Passage of the Stamp Act b.

c.

d.

British troops sent to enforce order in

Boston

The British government’s attempt to maintain the East India Company’s tea monopoly

The Boston Tea Party

The Intolerable Acts

A British attempt to seize the colonial militia’s gunpowder supplies

The Continental Congress’s reluctance to tax Americans for war e.

f.

g.

h.

i.

j.

Effect

Prompted the summoning of the First Continental

Congress

Led Grenville to propose the Sugar Act, Quartering

Act, and Stamp Act

Precipitated the Battle of Lexington and Concord

Fired on colonial citizens in the Boston Massacre

Prompted passage of the Intolerable Acts, including the Boston Port Act

Resulted in the printing of large amounts of paper currency and skyrocketing inflation

Enforced restrictions on colonial manufacturing, trade, and paper currency

Led to gradual development of a colonial snese of independence years before the Revolution

Spurred patriots to stage Boston Tea Party

Was greeted in the colonies by the nonimportation agreements, the Stamp Act Congress, and the forced resignation of stamp agents

Cause and Effect Answers

E

A

C

F

I

D

B

J

H

G

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

1.

2.

3.

4.

Download