Steps Toward A New Nation

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Chapter 4 - Worksheet
 SUGAR, STAMP
AND TOWNSHEND ACTS
• PURPOSE/SIGNIFICANCE
 Intended to raise revenue to support troops in
colonies through trade and direct taxes, and to exert
control over colonies
• COLONIAL AND/OR BRITISH REACTION
 United colonists in resisting taxation without
representation through protests, public
demonstrations, resolutions and boycotts of British
goods.

BOSTON MASSACRE
• PURPOSE/SIGNIFICANCE
 Colonial protest escalated into deadly confrontation
with British troops
• COLONIAL AND/OR BRITISH REACTION
 Became symbol of British tyranny, increasing colonial
resistance

BOSTON TEA PARTY
• PURPOSE/SIGNIFICANCE
 Patriots destroyed British tea in protest of the Tea Act
• COLONIAL AND/OR BRITISH REACTION
 Britain responded with Coercive Acts to punish
Boston

FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
• PURPOSE/SIGNIFICANCE
 Issued Declaration of Rights and Grievances
condemning Coercive Acts; approved Continental
Association to enforce boycotts
• COLONIAL AND/OR BRITISH REACTION
 Infuriated British officials and Loyalists who
supported the king

BATTLES AT LEXINGTON AND
CONCORD
• PURPOSE/SIGNIFICANCE
 British troops intended to seize militia supplies in
Massachusetts
• COLONIAL AND/OR BRITISH REACTION
 Minutemen resisted British troops with force; united
militia forces against Britain

SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
• PURPOSE/SIGNIFICANCE
 Formed Continental Army with George Washington as
commander in chief; assumed role of central
government
• COLONIAL AND/OR BRITISH REACTION
 King George issued Proclamation for Suppressing
Rebellion and Sedition, effectively declaring war
against the colonies

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
• PURPOSE/SIGNIFICANCE
 Continental Congress declared independence
• COLONIAL AND/OR BRITISH REACTION
• British troops increased to 32,000 under General
William Howe

BATTLE OF SARATOGA
• PURPOSE/SIGNIFICANCE
 Resounding American Victory proved turning point in
the war
• COLONIAL AND/OR BRITISH REACTION
 Improved American morale; France committed troops
to American cause