Chapter 3 and 4 1) 2) The first Sumerian kings were probably war heroes. Although most Sumerians were farmers, many made metal, cloth, and pottery because they were skilled artisans. During the late Neolithic Age, craftspeople in western Asia discovered that mixing copper and tin formed bronze, an important technological breakthrough. 3) ) A Sumerian temple to honor their chief god was called a ziggurat. 5) If you lived in Nippur, where would your home be located? In the lower town 4 6) Which of the following is a negative effect of the growth of communities during the Neolithic Age? Deforestation, which caused desert-like conditions in Jordan 7) Taming an animal for use by humans is called domestication. 8) The calendar developed by the Sumerians was based on the cycles of the moon. 9) Site of one of the world’s first libraries – Nineveh 10) Hero of an epic who travels the world performing great deeds - Gilgamesh 11) First large army to use iron weapons – Assyrians 12) People who study the heavenly bodies astronomers 13) a pyramid-shaped structure with a temple at the top – ziggurat 14) In early civilizations, the first governments were monarchies. 15) Because the conditions for farming were good, the first civilizations arose in river valleys. 16) “Old Stone Age” – Paleolithic Age 17) Tools and methods to perform tasks – technology 18) “New Stone Age” – Neolithic Age 19) The act of training for a particular job – specialization 20) To tame animals for human use – domesticate 21) People who move from place to place regularly – nomads 22) Long periods of extreme cold – ice ages 23) What do historians call the general early period of human history? Stone Age 24) Paleolithic people – crafted simple tools such as axes. 26) What was the most important and long-lasting effect that the Agricultural Revolution had a people’s lives? The population grew at a faster rate, and people settled into communities. 25) Men in the Neolithic Age – herded, farmed, and protected the village 27) What is the best example of how an advance in the use of technology made life less difficult for Paleolithic people? They discovered how to use fire 28) What did the Hittites teach the Assyrians that helped make their army stronger? How to make and use stronger metals for weaponry, such as catapults and battering rams 29) What is located at the highest point in the town? The ziggurat 30) One of the most important technologies used by the Paleolithic people was tools. 31) Who wrote a legal code that covered most areas of daily life? Hammurabi 32) Which part of Babylon was known as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World? Hanging Gardens 33) Where did the first civilizations arise because of farming conditions? In river valleys 34) In 612 B.C. the Chaldeans defeated whom? Assyria 35) A mixture of copper and tin is called – bronze 36) The Assyrian Empire’s capital city – Nineveh 37) One who studies the stars and planets – astronomer 38) a political district – province 39) a group of traveling merchants – caravan 40) Chaldean king who rebuilt Babylon – Nebuchadnezzar 41) The existence of shrines in Catalhuyuk is evidence that religion was becoming an important part of people’s lives. 42) Times of extreme cold when great sheets of ice covered parts of the earth were the ice ages. 43) In your opinion, which Sumerian invention has had the most significant effect on later civilizations? Explain your answer and provide factual support.