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Tissues data table A&P

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UNIT 1 - CHAPTER 5: TISSUES
5-21 EPITHELIA SUMMARY TABLE
NAME OF ET
SIMPLE
SQUAMOUS
SIMPLE
CUBOIDAL
SIMPLE
COLUMNAR
PSEUDOSTRATIFIED
COLUMNAR
STRATIFIED
SQUAMOUS
TRANSITIONAL
GLANDULAR
DESCRIPTION
STRUCTURE
a single layer of
flattened cells
a single layer of
cube-shaped cells
with large centrally
located nuclei
a single layer of tall
cells with basally
located nuclei,
goblet cells, &
microvilli
a single layer of tall
cells with scattered
nuclei, cilia, &
goblet cells
many layers of
flattened cells
several layers of
cells that change
shape under pressure
mostly simple
cuboidal
LOCATION
FUNCTION
linings of air sacs,
capillaries, lymph
vessels, body
cavities; covering
ventral organs
linings of kidney
tubules,
lining ducts of glands
diffusion,
cushioning
lining of intestine
protection,
absorption,
secretion
lining of trachea,
lining of fallopian
tube
protection, secretion
keratinized =
epidermis;
non-keratinized =
lining of vagina,
anus, throat, mouth
lining of urinary
bladder and ureters
protection
lining the ducts of
glands
secretion
absorption,
secretion
distensibility
CONNECTIVE TISSUE SUMMARY TABLE
NAME OF CT
AREOLAR
DESCRIPTION
gel-like matrix with
fibroblasts, collagen and
elastic fibers
closely packed
adipocytes with nuclei
pushed to one side
LOCATION
beneath ET (serous
membranes &
mucous membranes)
beneath skin (as
subcutaneous layer),
breasts, around
kidneys & eyeballs
FUNCTION
diffusion, cushioning
organs,
lubrication
insulation, energy
store, protection
basement membranes,
lymphatic organs
tendons, ligaments
Support
DENSE
REGULAR
DENSE
IRREGULAR
ELASTIC
network of ret. fibers in
loose matrix
dense matrix of collagen
fibers
loose matrix of collagen
fibers
matrix of elastic fibers
HYALINE
CARTILAGE
chondrocytes in lacunae
in amorphous matrix
FIBROCARTILAGE
ELASTIC
CARTILAGE
BONE
less firm than above with
collagen in matrix
above plus elastic fibers
concentric circles of
calcified matrix
skeleton
BLOOD
red cells, white cells and
platelets in liquid plasma
in heart and blood
vessels
ADIPOSE
RETICULAR
dermis of skin
walls of large
airways, wall of aorta
embryonic. skeleton,
costal cart, tip of
nose, trachea, larynx
intervertebral discs,
pubic symphysis
external ear, epiglottis
attachment (high
tensile strength)
tensile strength
durability with stretch
Support
tensile strength, shock
absorber
shape maintenance
plus flexibility
support, protection,
movement, Ca ++
store, hematopoiesis
transport of nutrients,
wastes & gases
MUSCLE TISSUE SUMMARY TABLE
NAME OF
MUSCLE
TISSUE
SKELETAL
MUSCLE
SMOOTH
MUSCLE
CARDIAC
MUSCLE
DESCRIPTION
OF
STRUCTURE
long, thin fibers with
many nuclei and
striations
spindle shaped cells
with one centrally
located nucleus,
lacking striations
TYPE OF
CONTROL
LOCATION
FUNCTION
Voluntary
attached to bones
to move bones
Involuntary
Visceral Smooth
Muscle: walls of
visceral hollow organs
Multiunit Smooth
Muscle: irises of eyes,
walls of blood vessels
a network of striated
cells with one
centrally located
nucleus attached by
intercalated discs
Involuntary
heart
to move
substances
through
passageways (i.e.
food, urine,
semen),
constriction blood
vessels, etc.
pump blood to
lungs and body
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