Name: Test Date: World War II Study Guide Causes of World War II Key Question: What were the causes of World War II? Remember, these factors caused a F.I.G.H.T F-Fascism I-Increased unemployment G-Great Depression throughout the world H-High War debt owed by Germany (REPARATIONS) T- Too much inflation World War II Leaders Key Question: Who were the leaders during World War II and what country did they lead? Axis Allies 1.Adolf Hitler-Germany 1.Franklin D. Roosevelt- United States 2.Benito Mussolini-Italy 2.Winston Churchill-Great Britain 3.Hideki Tojo-Japan 3.Joseph Stalin- Soviet Union Neutrality Direct Involvement Key Question: How did the United States change from neutrality to direct involvement? Answer each question. Why was the United States practicing isolation at the beginning of World War II?: The United States was focused on managing the Great Depression and there were many who did not want a repeat of the events (legacy) of WWI. What was the Lend-Lease Program: The United States provided economic aid to the Allies (war supplies and old naval warships) in return for the use of military bases. What finally pushes the United States into direct involvement?: The United States joined the war after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor War in the Pacific Key Question: Why did war begin in the Pacific? Answer the following questions. Why did tension develop between the United States and Japan? Tensions rose between Japan and the United States due to Japanese aggression in East Asia. The United States also placed an embargo on Japan. When did Japan attack the United States? On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the United States at Pearl Harbor without warning What was the result of the attack on Pearl Harbor? United States declared war on Japan Name: Test Date: World War II: Home Front Key Question: How were Americans affected by the war in the United States? Name the 5 Aspects of the Home front. 1. WWII brought an end to the Great Depression because so many workers were needed to produce war materiel 2. Thousands of women took jobs in defense plants during the war (Rosie the Riveter: Nickname for women who took jobs in defense plants) (WOMEN ARE STILL DISCRIMINATED AGAINST-LOW PAY) 3. Racial barriers were broken down (there was a need for workers in defense plants) but discrimination against African Americans continued 4. Internment camps: Locations where Japanese Americans on the west coast were forced to live because of distrust and prejudice. Many Japanese Americans served honorably in the armed forces. 5. Americans at home supported the war by conserving and rationing resources.