War in the Pacific Objectives Explain why Japan began a war with the U.S. List the reasons why the U.S. won the war List 3 facts about America’s war with Japan. Japan pre-1941 Militarism Imperialism Invasion of China Invasion of Korea Brink of war with USSR Problems with America In response to Japanese aggression in Asia, the U.S. froze Japanese asset and embargoed these products from going to Japan: Scrap iron Oil Negotiations went nowhere Pearl Harbor Pearl Harbor U.S. Pacific Fleet based at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Surprise attack…7:55 a.m., Sunday, Dec. 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor Japanese bombed Pacific Fleet and military airfields U.S. casualties: 2,350 servicemen and civilians died; 1,178 wounded; 21 ships and 323 aircraft destroyed or damaged USS Arizona sunk, killing 1,177 Japanese casualties: less than 100 men, 29 planes, 5 midget submarines Pearl Harbor: U.S. reaction U.S. declared war on Japan on Dec. 8, 1941 U.S. mobilizes for total war Pearl Harbor: U.S. reaction Executive Order 9066: Japanese living on the West Coast of the U.S. forced to move to internment camps If you were FDR in 1942, what would you have done about the Japanese living in the U.S.? Why? Share your answers with a partner. Pearl Harbor: World reaction Great Britain declared war on Japan on Dec. 8, 1941 Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S. on Dec. 11, 1941 Battles/Engagements Through 1942, the Japanese expanded their empire in Asia and in the Pacific, but after that: Doolittle raid – April 1942 Battle of Coral Sea – May 1942 Midway – June 1942 Guadalcanal – Nov. 1942 Battles/Engagements Solomon Islands – Nov. 1943 Kwajalein – Feb. 1944 Leyte Gulf – Oct. 1944 Iwo Jima – Feb. 1945 Firebombing Tokyo – March 1945 Note-check Take a few minutes to compare notes with a partner. Clarify any info you don’t fully understand. Japanese atrocities Rape of Nanking Bataan Death March Kamikaze pilots An honor to die for the emperor Atomic bomb Decision by Truman His justification: would save American lives Dropped on Hiroshima on Aug. 6, 1945; no Japanese surrender Dropped on Nagasaki on Aug. 9, 1945; Japanese surrender Death toll from bombs: approx. 214,000 End of the Pacific War USSR declared war on Japan on Aug. 8, 1945 Japan surrendered Aug. 14, 1945 Deaths: U.S. approx. 500,000; Japan approx. 2 million Summary/Discussion Why did Japan start the war with the U.S.? Why did the U.S. win the war? Stump your partner Take a minute to come up with 1 question. Then see if you can stump your partner. We’ll then answer harder questions as a class.