Name_______________________________Date__________________#__________ Social Studies, Chapter 3, Lesson 2 Outline II. Africa’s Trading Empires A. Ghana, Kingdom of Gold 1. Caravans crossed the____________________. 2. A caravan is a group of ____________________ traveling____________________. 3. Caravans on____________________traveled the Sahara, bringing goods to and from____________________ ____________________. 4. The earliest kingdom named____________________was called “____________________________________________________” because its land was rich in the precious____________________. 5. However, Ghana lacked an important resource, ____________________. 6. Trade routes developed bringing salt into____________________. 7. ____________________traders from____________________ ____________________brought salt from the____________________ to the cities on the southern edge of the desert, like ____________________. 8. Just as____________________became worth its weight in gold, so did____________________. 9. Arab traders also brought their religion, ____________________, with them to____________________ ____________________. 10. Followers of Islam are known as____________________. The kings of Ghana hired Muslims as____________________, to help them rule. 11. Ghana’s rulers grew rich from trade. They charged taxes on all ____________________and____________________. B. Mali and Songhai 1. The kingdom of____________________ controlled more land than Ghana. It was wealthy because of____________________. 2. Caravans continued their trade of____________________and ____________________. 3. European ships brought____________________, ____________________, and other goods to ____________________ ____________________ports. 4. Mali traded____________________, ____________________ ____________________, and ____________________ ____________________for such goods. 5. Mali reached its peak during the rule of____________________ ____________________. He was known for his immense wealth. He was a____________________who in 1324 went on a ____________________ to____________________, a city in the Arabian peninsula that is holy to Muslims. 6. A pilgrimage is a____________________taken for ____________________ reasons. 7. On Mansa Musa’s pilgrimage came thousands of ____________________. Among them were 500 ____________________carrying a bar of gold weighing four pounds. The gold was used along the way to____________________for traveling____________________. 8. The king’s journey____________________trade ties between Mali and Muslim nations. 9. He brought back many Muslim____________________and ____________________who contributed to life in Mali. Many of them settled in____________________, a center of trade and now a center of____________________. 10. Mansa Musa ordered a large building for study and worship, the____________________ ____________________, to be built. 11. Soon after Mansa Musa’s rule, another trading kingdom rose in West African called____________________. At its peak in the early 1500s, Songhai controlled more____________________than both Ghana and Mali. C. Connecting Different Parts of the World 1. Zheng He’s journeys showed that the Chinese were learning routes to____________________and____________________. 2. Mansa Musa’s pilgrimage showed how people from West Africa and the Arabian peninsula traveled between their two____________________. 3. The people of____________________were learning about the people and geography of____________________and____________________. 4. European map makers built on the____________________of many travelers and____________________around the world. One tool that helped them was developed by Arabs. It was the____________________, an instrument that helped sailors use the____________________and ____________________to find their location in____________________. 5. With the astrolabe and other new tools and ideas, different parts of the ____________________were becoming more closely ____________________.