Africa West African Kingdoms Ghana • Ghana is the land of • This important gold trade of gold and • Two most important salt took place on trading goods: the trans-Saharan – 1. Gold trade – 2. Salt • The king was the • Gold came from the only one allowed to Savanna keep gold nuggets. • Salt deposits were This way he could found in the Sahara keep the price of Desert gold high. Ghana Gold! Mali Mali • Like Ghana, Mali became wealthy because of gold. • A man name Mansa Musa became leader of Mali. He was a devout Muslim. • Because of Mansa Musa, Mali grew to become twice the size of Ghana. • The city of Timbuktu became a center of trade and learning because Mansa Musa ordered mosques and universities to be built. • Timbuktu is the location of the House of Wisdom Songhai Songhai • After Mali declined, people broke away and formed a new civilization near the Niger river. • Two great rulers name: – 1. Sunni Ali – 2. Askia Muhammad Songhai • Sunni Ali captured the city of Timbuktu. • Askia Muhammad was an excellent administrator. He set up an efficient tax system and chose able officials. • Later they were taken over by the Moroccans who were fighting with guns.