Spread of Industrialization


Industrialization Spreads


1. Bell Ringer: What are the conditions in factories during the Industrial Revolution?

2. Lecture: Spread of Industrialization

3. Quick Quiz Industrialization

4. Venn Diagram, Spread of industrialism

5. Video, America: A Story of US.

6. Objectives

• HW: Students will complete a map of the

Spread of Industrialization.

United States

• Industry arrives in

1812 after Britain stops imports.

• Samuel Slater emigrated to the

United States and constructed a spinning machine.

– Britain wanted to maintain secrecy over industry.

United States (2)

• Francis Cabot Lowell would mechanize every stage in manufacturing cloth.

• Many women came to these “mill towns” to work in the factories

– 12 hour workdays, closely supervised at all times.

United States (3)

• North primarily industrial.

• From 1866 onward, technology dominates life.

• Wealth of natural resources, burst of inventions, and large population.

• Lightbulb, telegraph invented.

• Expanding railroads led to larger cities.

The Corporation

• A business owned by stockholders who share in the profits.

• Big businesses made large profits through cutting costs.

• Examples: Standard

Oil, Carnegie Steel.

Beginnings in Belgium

• William Cockerill carried secret plans for building spinning machines for textiles.

• It would eventually dominate in machinery and engines.

• Europe would industrialize slowly because of Revolution.


• Early 1800s, revolution and isolation hinder industrialization.

• 1835- the country copies the British model.

• Children sent to schools in Britain to learn their industrial methods.

• Railroads aided their progress as a military giant as well.

European Expansion

• Pockets of industrialization rose throughout Europe.

• France had major growth after 1850, with a government-constructed railroad.

• Spain and Austria-

Hungary took many years to industrialize because of its geography.

Worldwide Impact

• Shifted balance of power.

– More industrialized = more weapons.

• They worked together for materials and finished goods, but the more powerful country would exploit the poor one.

Industrialism Map