Chapter 9 Section 3-4 Quiz Regular World History 1 - Because of American inventors like Samuel Slater and Francis Cabot Lowell, what type of workers flocked from their rural homes by the thousands to work in textile mills in factory towns? 2 - During the last third of the 1800s, the United States experienced a technological boom caused, in part, by what? 3 - What term describes a business, like the railroads, owned by stockholders who share in its profits but are not personally responsible for its debt? 4 - Which series of wars between 1789 and 1815 halted European trade, interrupted communications, caused inflation, and led to an industrialization gap between Britain and the rest of Europe? 5 - Industrialization led to the overuse of natural resources, the abuse of the environment, and spread from Great Britain to continental Europe to where in the 1800s? 6 - Most of Europe’s urban areas at least doubled in population due to the growth of what system that attracted waves of jobseekers to cities and towns? 7 - Jobseekers came to the cities from where and encountered no sanitary codes, no building codes, and a lack of adequate housing, education, and police protection? 8 - What term describes an economic system that helped bring about the Industrial Revolution by investing in business ventures with the goal of making a profit? 9 - What term describes an economic system where all the factors of production are owned by the public and the government actively plans the economy rather than depending on the free market to attend to the welfare of all citizens? 10 - What is the final phase of Marxism that is a form of complete socialism where the factors of production are owned by the people and all goods and services are shared equally? 11 - What term describes a voluntary association that the government initially saw as a threat to social order and stability where workers joined together to press for reforms through collective bargaining and sometimes striking? 12 - What term describes how industrialized nations exploited overseas colonies for their raw materials and markets for their manufactured goods? 13 - Which country wanted to keep its secrets of industrialization to itself and forbade engineers, mechanics, and toolmakers to leave the country? 14 - The United States remained primarily an agricultural nation until which event ended in 1865?