O A man who is homeless is ____ O If you do not have a job, you are______ Personal Societal Sociology O Social Behavior- how people behave in groups O Social Structure- PATTERNED interactions of people Social Perspective O Looks as group/ Never individual O Not relying on personal factors O Concentrate on Categories: young men, married women, teenagers O Statements: O A young man joins a gang to prove he is tough O Young men join groups such as gangs because they have been taught by society to be masculine O Statements: O A young man joins a gang to prove he is tough O Young men join groups such as gangs because they have been taught by society to be masculine O Statements: O A woman divorces her husband to develop her potential O More women divorce because of the social trend toward sexual equality Social Perspective Continued O Groups vs. Individuals O Group mentality O Conformity vs. Deviation O Smoking, What we wear, What we eat O “When in Rome, Do as Romans Do” O Big Picture- Everything has wider economic and social meaning. Lives are connected to objects Social Imagination O C. Wright Mills O Personal use of Sociology O Relationships between events in personal lives and events in their society O Examples: Families with no children (Selfish), only child (spoiled) O Change in attitude today, (benefits of one child families) Societal values*** Origins of Sociology European & American Auguste Comte O French O Father of Sociology O Positivism- Science based on truth O Social Statics- Stability & Order O Social Dynamics- change Auguste Comte: The Law of Human Progress (or The Law of Three Stages) , , , Comte insists repeatedly that “intellectual evolution is the preponderant principle” of his explanation of human progress . . . (Coser 1971:8) Harriet Martineau O English O Translated Comte’s books O Women lacked econ power due to dependency on men O Inspired- feminists theorists O Called by William Davenport "the first of the notable women of the nineteenth century," Herbert Spencer O English O Social Darwinism- poor should be poor, rich should be rich O Against social reform O Let change happen naturally Karl Marx O Clash of Classes- class conflict O Bourgeoisie- owners O Proletariat- workers Emile Durkheim O French O Society occurs due to agreement among men O Mechanical Solidarity- self sufficient, based on traditions O Organic Solidarity- interdependency, web of specialized roles Max Weber O German O Verstehen- understand from different point of view O Rationalism- hard evidence, no guesses or luck Jane Addams O American O Societal Problems- due to imbalance of power among social classes W.E.B. Dubois O Studied racial discrimination O Social Structure in African Communities Critical Thinking? O Why is Weber’s concept of Verstehen the very essence of modern Sociology?