Social Science The scientific study of human society and social relationships. A major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society. History of Social Science The history of the social sciences begins in the Age of Enlightenment after 1650. The social sciences developed from the sciences (experimental and applied), or the systematic knowledge-bases or prescriptive practices, relating to the social improvement of a group of interacting entities. Social science was influenced by positivism. Auguste Comte used the term "science sociale" to describe the field, taken from the ideas of Charles Fourier; Comte also referred to the field as social physics. The term "social science" may refer either to the specific sciences of society established by thinkers such as Comte, Durkheim, Marx, and Weber, or more generally to all disciplines outside of "noble science" and arts Humanities Are academic discipline that study the human condition, using methods that are primarily analytical, critical or speculative. (Ancient and modern languages, visual and performing arts, theatre Arts, literature, history, philosophy, religion) Natural Science A branch of science that seeks to elucidate the rules that govern the natural world by using the Empirical and Scientific method. (Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Earth science) DISCIPLINE IN SOCIAL SCIENCES ANTHROPOLOGY is the study of humans, past and present. Its present use first appeared in Renaissance Germany in the works of Magnus Hundt and Otto Casmann. Their New Latin anthropologia derived from the combining forms of the Greek words ánthrōpos ("human") and lógos ("study") ECONOMICS it's the study of scarcity, the study of how people use resources, or the study of decision-making. The discipline was renamed in the late 19th century primarily due to Alfred Marshall from "political economy" to "economics" as a shorter term for "economic science". Two groups, later called "mercantilists" and "physiocrats", more directly influenced the subsequent development of the subject. Adam Smith is widely regarded as the father of modern economics. He wrote the book intitled "The Wealth of Nations," GEOGRAPHY is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments. Geography (from Greek geographia, literally "earth description". The first person to use the word "γεωγραφία" was Eratosthenes (276–194 BC). HISTORY is the study of the past as it is described in written documents. Events occurring before written record are considered prehistory. History (from Greek historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") Herodotus, a 5th-century BC Greek historian is considered within the Western tradition to be the "father of history". LINGUISTICS the scientific study of language and its structure. The earliest activities in the documentation and description of language have been attributed to the 4th century BCE Indian grammarian Pāṇini, who wrote a formal description of the Sanskrit language in his Aṣṭādhyāyī. POLITICAL SCIENCE the branch of knowledge that deals with systems of government; the analysis of political activity and behavior. DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE ARISTOTLE --Wrote “Politics” the first systematic work on political affairs. --Father of Political Science NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI --Wrote “The Prince”, a handbook for rulers in the art of government. --Father of Modern Political Science PROF. FRANCIS LIEBER --Wrote “Manual of Political Ethics ” the first systematic teatise in political science. PSYCHOLOGY is the science of behavior and mind. WILHELM WUNDT He is referred to as the “father of psychology” because in 1879 he started the first laboratory in psychology for studying humans. SOCIOLOGY the study of the development, structure, and functioning of human society. AUGUSTE COMTE Father of Sociology Coined the term Sociology FR.VALENTIN MARIN Know as the father of Sociology in the Philippines. DEMOGRAPHY the study of statistics such as births, deaths, income, or the incidence of disease, which illustrate the changing structure of human populations. THOMAS MALTHUS Is often regarded as the father of demography, the study of population. Malthus looked at the rate of population growth and conclude that food production could not possibly increase fast enough to be sufficient.