Adv PE Terms III Joint: Where two bones come together in the body

Adv PE Terms III
Joint: Where two bones come together in the body.
Ligaments: Bands that connect bone to bone
Muscles Cramps: Spasm or sudden tightening of a muscle.
Pectoral Muscle: Chest muscle.
Plyometrics: Training designed to increase athletic performance using jumping and hopping
that lengthening of a muscle following by a shortening contraction.
Pulse: Regular beating felt in the arteries, caused by contraction of the heart muscle.
Repetition: Number of consecutive times one does an exercise, know as reps.
Range of Motion: Amount of movement one can make in a joint.
Set: Group of repetitions of a specific exercise, each set of reps is followed by a rest period
before another is performed.
Sprain: Injury to ligaments.
Strain: Injury to a tendon or muscle.
Stroke: An injury to the brain that occurs when the blood supply to the brain is reduced or shut
off, result of clot or other obstruction.
Stress: Body’s reaction to demanding situation.
Tendon: Tissue that connects muscle to bone.
Tendonitis: Inflammation of tendons that cause swelling; Caused by repeated irritation to an
area. Knee, shoulder, elbow, wrist and hands.
Triceps: Located on the back of the arm.
Weight Training: Lifting of weights to build strength; also know as resistance training.
Three types of Muscle injuries : Tear, bruise, fatigue.
Types of Muscles: Striated, smooth, heart
Five elements of physical fitness: Muscular strength, muscular endurance, cardiovascular
endurance, flexibility, and body composition.