Mr. Udell American Government Unit 2 Review Sheet Terms Civil Liberty Civil Rights Establishment clause Free exercise clause Lemon Test “Belief v. action” Democratic Freedoms Clear and present danger Libel/Slander Obscenity Time/place/manor restrictions Warrant Miranda Warnings Miranda v. Arizona Mapp v. Ohio Gideon v. Wainwright Exclusionary rule Grand jury Bail Self-incrimination 1st Amendment 2nd Amendment 4th Amendment 5th Amendment 6th Amendment 8th Amendment Substantive Due Process Procedural Due Process Police Power Right to Privacy (9th Amendment) Invidious discrimination Rational Basis test Strict scrutiny Intermediate scrutiny Black codes 14th Amendment Federalize Majority rules and minority rights Jus soli Jus sanguinis Naturalization Expatriation Essays 1. What does it mean to say our country believes in majority rules and minority rights? Provide examples to illustrate the conflict between the two beliefs. 2. Explain the two parts of religious freedom in the Bill of Rights. How have these two freedoms been tested and limited by the Supreme Court (limits on free exercise and Lemon Test)? 3. What are the three “democratic freedoms” discussed in class? List three, explain why they are important to have in a democracy, and explain at least one limitation to each freedom. 4. What are the two basic mistakes any criminal justice system can make? What are the three most important Amendments protecting the rights of the accused (4, 5, and 6) and what protections do they offer? 5. What are civil rights and how does the concept relate to discrimination? What does it mean to say that “all laws discriminate”? 6. How does one become a US citizen? How can one lose his/her citizenship? What actions are required of citizens?