Outline – Freedom of Religion

Mr. Clark
Unit 2:
The Judiciary & Rights
First Amendment (Religion)
How Does the First Amendment Affect the Establishment & Free Exercise of Religion?
American Government: And Politics Today: Chapter 4 #1: 98-105
Lesson 28,
IMPORTANT VOCABULAR: (no particular order)
Establishment clause
separation of church and state
free exercise clause
narrow interpretation
Established church
Literal interpretation
broad interpretation
Lemon Test
Learning Objectives/Questions:
- Explain how the First Amendment protects the freedom of religion while maintain a separation between church and state?
- Do you think it is important to keep church and state separate? Why or why not?
- What are the advantages and disadvantages of religious diversity in society?
- What role, if any, should government play in fostering or limiting religious diversity? Why?
Supreme Court Cases
Abington School District v. Schempp (1963)
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)
Engel v. Vital (1962)
Wallace v. Jaffree (1985)
Zorach v. Clauson (1952)
Reynolds v. United States (1878)
West Virginia Board of Education v. Barnette (1943)
Santa Fe Independence School District v. Doe (2000)
Westside Community Board of Education v. Mergens (1990)
Smith v. Oregon (1990)
Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye Inc. v. City of Hialeah (1993)
City of Borne, Texas v. Flores (1997)
Hamilton v. Regents of California (1934)
Yoder v. Wisconsin (1942)
Agostini v. Felton (1997)
Arver v. US (1918)
Bob Jones University v. US (1983)
Burwell v. Hobby Lobby (2014)