1. CNN Student News
27.1/27.2 Vocab and Standards Re-writes Check
27.2 Part 1: History of China
27.2 Part 2: Culture of China
The Chinese have the longest known continuous history of any culture
People began farming along the Chang River
Evidence suggests the first dynasty in China was the
Shang Dynasty (1700s – 1100s BC)
During the 200’s BC China’s first emperor conquered most of eastern China
He ordered the connection of the ancient walls to protect against invaders from the north.
This would become the Great Wall of China
This dynasty was called the Qin, or the
The term China comes from this dynasty.
The first emperor’s name was Cheng
He was buried in a tomb near a clay army of unique soldiers and horses.
The Han Dynasty
(202 BC – 220 AD)
Was a high period of Chinese culture.
Cities grew rapidly, and art and architecture flourished.
China was the most advanced country in the world.
Mongol invaders under Genghis Khan invaded China
And by 1279 they ruled all of China.
The Chinese rebelled and retook control of
After this period, China’s rulers forbade trade with the outside world.
For centuries China had contact with the outside world only through overland trade routes.
The Silk Road extended through China to Central Asia to the Black Sea.
During the 1500’s Europeans began to reach China by sea
The Chinese largely ignored these visitors.
The Chinese, however, were unprepared to deal with the aggressive nature of the Europeans.
China lost several wars and was unable to keep out the
Europeans, U.S., and
China lost Hong Kong to the British
Taiwan was conquered by
In 1912 rebels overthrew the last Chinese dynasty and formed the Republic of China
A man named Chiang Kaishek became China’s leader under the Nationalist Party
Tried to defeat warlords that controlled part of China
Also faced opposition from
During the 1930’s Japan took over much of northern and eastern China and set-up a puppet government
Japan committed many atrocities in China during this period.
China fell into civil war between the
Chiang Kai-shek) and the Communists led by a man named Mao
The Communists won in 1949 and established the People’s Republic of China
The Nationalists retreated to the island of Taiwan.
Memorial to Chang
Nationalist Party members called it Taiwan, The
Republic of China
Still has this name today
Resulted in the loss of many personal freedoms.
People were forced onto large government farms
And all private property was seized.
Communism also changed the family structure in China
Men and women were now equal, and the government tried to slow the growth of families, limiting each family to one child.
Mao tried to rapidly industrialize the
This plan was called the
Great Leap Forward.
Mao’s plans for the Chinese economy was a disaster
The economy and the environment suffered.
Mao also undertook a “Cultural
Where people who he suspected of being his enemies – intellectuals, scientists – were put to death, imprisoned, or sent to work in the countryside.
Deng Xiaoping came to power
He realized much of Mao’s plans had been mistakes
China began to modernize its economy
And he moved the country towards a market economy.
Today many farmers grow their own crops although the land is leased from the government
And China is self-sufficient in food.
China has attracted much foreign investment in manufacturing and textiles.
While China has opened its economy
Politically it is still very closed
In 1989 students protested for democracy in
The government sent in troops and tanks to crush the protestors – and hundreds were killed.