China TLaH Directions 1. Research these 52 events 2. Remove 3 events and justify why in 3-5 sentences 3. Add one event to the timeline. Ask yourself what is missing and why? 4. Select 10 events to write mini justifications for. 5. Debate in your groups to get one event per person. 6. Type a 5-10 sentence justification in MLA format with 2 or more resources. Include a mini work cited page. China TLaH Due Dates 1. Your justification MUST be printed and handed in by Wednesday, September 24th!!!!! 2. Your rubric will be posted online by FRIDAY, September 19th!!! Xia Dynasty 2070-1600 BC 1770 – 1045 B.C.E. Zhou Dynasty 1554 B.C.E. The Shang dynasty is founded, and flourishes for the next five centuries 1045 B.C.E. The Zhou people conquer the Shang dynasty 221 BCE Qin Shi Huangdi unifies China and becomes its first emperor. 220 B.C.E Construction of the Qin boundary wall, precursor to the Great Wall of China, starts 206 BC - 220 AD Han Dynasty first durable state governing the entire Chinese heartland, ushers in first Chinese cultural "golden age", growth in money economy. 220 - 589 CE Period of Division C.E. 581-604 The Unification of China 618-907 Tang Dynasty unites China for nearly three centuries, in what is seen as the second high point of Chinese civilisation after the Han; imperial sphere of influence reaches Central Asia for the first time. 960-1276 Song Dynasty 1184 Genghis Khan’s wife, Borte, kidnapped but successfully rescued 1227 Genghis Khan Dies, leaving an empire stretching in a single bloc from the Caspian Sea to the Pacific coast 1271-1368 Mongols conquer China and establish their own Yuan Dynasty 1368 Ming Dynasty overthrows Mongols and establishes sophisticated agricultural economy, underpinning strong centralised bureaucracy and military. Great Wall of China completed in the form seen today. 15th Century Opium first used in China as a recreational drug February 18, 1661 Kangxi inherits the throne, but is too young to rule by himself. The empire is governed by four senior advisers 1700-1046 Shang Dynasty - the first Chinese state for which clear written records remain - unites much of north central China. 1705 Kangxi issues an “Edict of Toleration,” allowing Jesuits to operate legitimately within China 1715 Christian missionaries are banned from preaching in China 1796 Opium is banned in China, but usage continues regardless June 1839 First Opium War breaks out after large stocks of opium are confiscated by port authorities in Canton (Guangzhou) August 26, 1839 British forces seize Hong Kong, using it as a base from which to launch further military action 1856 The Second Opium War breaks out after the British ship Arrow is seized and searched by Chinese officials August 29,1842 Treaty of Nanking is signed, granting Brittain trade rights and possession of Hong Kong. 1931-45 Japan invades and gradually occupies more and more of China 1931-1945 Japan invades and gradually occupies more and more of China. October 16, 1934-October 19, 1935 Mao leads the Long March to escape Nationalist forces and gains support among the Communist Party members 1943 Mao becomes chairman of the Chinese Communist Party December 1949 Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalist forces are defeated, and flee to Taiwan 1950 New marriage law bans polygamy and arranged marriages. Tries to strengthen women's status. 1950 China intervenes in the Korean war on the side of North Korea 1958 Mao launches the "Great Leap Forward", a five-year economic plan. Farming is collectivised and labour-intensive industry is introduced. The drive produces economic breakdown and is abandoned after two years. Disruption to agriculture is blamed for the deaths by starvation of millions of people following poor harvests. 1959 Chinese forces suppress large-scale revolt in Tibet. 1966 Mao launches the Cultural Revolution, challenging “bourgeois” thinking July 1971 Henry Kissinger visits China secretly September 1971 Lin Biao is killed in airplane crash while fleeing after an attempted military coup. 1972 Richard M. Nixon becomes the first U.S. President to visit Communist China. 1976 Mao dies. "Gang of Four", including Mao's widow, jockey for power but are arrested and convicted of crimes against the state. From 1977 Deng Xiaoping emerges as the dominant figure among pragmatists in the leadership. Under him, China undertakes farreaching economic reforms. 1982 China's population surpasses 1 billion people. 1985 Free higher education is abolished and replaced by academic scholarships based on academic ability 1989 About 1 million students hold pro-democracy protests in Beijing's Tiananmen Square. The uprising is crushed by the army 1991 First McDonald's Restaurant opens in Beijing. 1997 China regains control of Hong Kong, which had been under British rule for 99 years . 1999 Macao reverts back to chinese rule June 2001 China carries out military exercises simulating an invasion of Taiwan, at the same time as the island's armed forces test their capability to defend Taiwan against a missile attack from China. 2001 China joins the World Trade Organization 2005 August - China and Russia hold their first joint military exercises. February 2009 Russia and China sign $25bn deal to supply China with oil for next 20 years in exchange for loans. 2008 Beijing hosts Olympic Games 2010 China officially surpasses Japan to become the world’s second largest economy. March 2010 The web giant Google ends its compliance with Chinese internet censorship and starts redirecting web searches to a Hong Kong, in response to cyber attacks on e-mail accounts of human rights activists. October 2010 Jailed Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo is awarded Nobel Peace Prize, prompting official protests from Beijing.