Leader Analysis Sheet Name of Leader: King Fuzi (Confucius) Lifespan 551-478 B.C.E. Title: King Country/region: China Years in Power 5th-6th Century Political, Social, & Economic Conditions Prior to Leaders Gaining Power War was going on between upstart forces and lords. =War for supremacy. Commerce was being threatened. No authority in political prescriptions. Political conflict and social turmoil because the Zhou dynasty could not control its vessels. China was expanding and led to periodic instability. Nomadic people often raided the farming area of the Northern Plain. Tax revenues declined Invasions by nomadic people….rebellions Dynasty grew weaker Ideology, Motivation, Goals: Establish back the political structures and cultural values that China once had. Supported Confucianism. Get back to the core of China’s philosophical heritage. Wanted to provide greater cultural unity to the empire. Promoted linguistic unity where Mandarin Chinese would be superior to the entire Middle Kingdom. Significant Actions & events During Term of Power Creation of the Great Wall to stop invaders. Shrines were established to promote the worship of the ancient philosopher as a God. National Census which provided data for the calculation of tax revenues and labor services. Government made the Chinese written script uniform, so it would create a single base language so all the educated Chinese people could communicate. Furthered agriculture, new irrigation products and manufactured silk cloth. Extended Chinese territory and political control to the south. Short-Term effects: None of the dynasties were that successful. The tools they developed did not last, newer and better technology was established. Long-Term Effects Created a basis for all of the other civilizations to use as a starting point. Developed useful technology until better technology came out. First civilization to develop in China so it was a good way to start a society. Over time people in China prospered due to trading by the Mediterranean Sea.