U1 Test: Colonial America Study Guide #1 Name:________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Define the following terms… Virginia Company of London Jamestown The 3 Gs Pilgrims Puritans Mayflower Compact “City on the Hill” Quakers Religious Diversity Act of Toleration Egalitarian Society House of Burgesses Plantation System Indentured Servants Slavery Royal Colony Subsistence Farming Cash Crops Congregational Church Anglican Church Triangular Trade Route Mercantilism Columbian Exchange 2. Why did Europeans want to establish colonies in the Americas? 3. Where was the first permanent English Colony and when was it established? 4. Name the colonies in each of the following regions. New England Mid-Atlantic Southern 5. Fill in the following chart on the characteristics of the colonial regions. Religion Society Politics Economy New England MidAtlantic Southern Religion in the Colonies The Colonial Economy New England John Winthrop (MA) City on a ______________ The Triangular Trade Tell how these regions contributed to the Triangle Trade The “Religious Freedom” Myth Colonies: ___________________ Although the Puritans fled England to escape religious persecution, but once they were in America, they rejected people who didn’t believe what they did in their own communities. Mid-Atlantic Southern Europe: ___________________ Africa: ___________________ Worst Passage of the Triangle Trade: ___________________________________ Pennsylvania William Penn Anglican Church PORTS: Boston, New York, Supported by the Philadelphia, ____________, which means __________________ Charleston ____________ were paid to the church. 6. Why was the middle passage the worst passage of the Triangular Trade? 7. Define Columbian Exchange and tell why it is significant.