The Progressive Era

The Progressive
Era of Change
 Between
1889 and 1917
 Time when Americans decided to use
governmental powers and influence to
reform society
 Changes in every realm of society from
labor to women’s rights to education
Focus of the Progressive
Government Reform- Changes in primary methods
Theodore Roosevelt threatened owners with a
government take over if they did not agree to
negotiate with labor- specifically coal industry.
Health- improvement in the training of doctors
Initiative and Recall- Gave the people more direct
control of the political system
Improved treatment for major diseases
John Dewey- belief in practical education that
was meaningful in students’ lives- as well as active
Roots of Progressivism
 Social
Reformers were heavily influenced by the
church, and by the Social Gospel, which
stated that the church should be active in
reforming society
 Muckrakers
Given this nickname by Roosevelt,
journalists who exposed the corruption in
business and politics
Upton Sinclair and the Jungle
16th Amendment
Lack of income from tariffs, expenses of
expanding the navy and civil war pensions
caused a deficit in the federal budget
Originally brought to the Supreme Court in
1909, approved by Congress, but the needed
3/4ths of the states was not achieved until
Created a federally mandated income tax as
a way to raise revenue.
Works Cited
 Mintz,
S., & McNeil, S. (2016). The
Progressive Era. Digital History. Retrieved
January 28, 2016, from