The Progressive Era Vocabulary Sheet 1. The Progressive Era 1890’s – 1920 – An era of reform in government, business and society 2. Andrew Carnegie – Robber Baron, controlled much of the steel industry, philanthropist, built almost 3000 libraries in 47 states – including the Rockingham Free Public Library 3. Social Reform – Government passed laws to intervene in business, protect children and workers, impact morals of society 4. 17th Amendment 1913 – Direct election of senators 5. 18th Amendment 1919 – banning the sale of alcohol 6. 19th Amendment 1920 – women get the vote 7. Teddy Roosevelt progressive, trust buster, believed in hard work 8. Laissez-faire Leave alone, government did not interfere in business 9. Robber Barons Men with monopolies who exploited their workers 10. Philanthropy The giving away of one’s wealth to help the poor 11. Labor Unions Workers banded together to help the poor 12. Muckrakers Journalists who exposed the horrible working conditions of the time 13. Urbanization The rapid growth of cities 14. Great Migration Movement of mostly African Americans from the South to the urban areas, mostly in the north. 15. Tenement A rundown apartment building. 16. Prohibition The banning of the sale of alcohol 17. Suffrage The right to vote 18. Panama Canal Waterway increased trade, needed advance in medicine to finish.