Name: _______________________________________________ Date: ________________
As a writer and editor for McClure‘s magazine and later for The American
Magazine, I, with some others, was an influential practitioner of "muckraking" journalism. In 1904 I wrote, “The Shame of the Cities” and exposed corruption by local governments that took advantage of poor immigrants and partnered with business power brokers.
A Pulitzer Prize–winning author, I wrote ninety books that mainly exposed social injustice or studies of powerful institutions (including religion, the press and oil companies). My 1906 novel The Jungle, described awful conditions in the meatpacking industry. It caused a public uproar that led to passage of the Pure
Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act.
As a pioneer of the settlement house movement and an important Progressive
Era urban reformer, I am often called the "mother" of American social work, but I was also a founder of the NAACP, a champion of women’s suffrage, an antiwar crusader and winner of the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize. In 1889 myself and college friend Ellen Gates Starr, founded Hull House in Chicago’s immigrant slums. The
Hull House soon became a hub of social activism around labor and immigrants’ rights, crusades against political corruption, slum housing, unsafe workplaces and child labor. It was the inspiration for other settlement houses in cities across the country.
I was an American journalist. I was the only woman in my graduating class at
Allegheny College in 1880 and later became a journalist with McClure's magazine. I was an investigative reporting pioneer who exposed unfair practices of the Standard Oil Company which led to a U.S. Supreme Court decision to break its monopoly.
I was born in Denmark in May 1849 and emigrated to the United States in 1870.
After years of different jobs, I became a police reporter which allowed me to use my photographic skills. I was immensely interested in New York City's tenement life and the harsh conditions people endured. I decided to use my camera as a tool to bring about change. With my 1890 book How the Other Half Lives, I put those living conditions on display in a package that wasn't to be ignored,