5 Themes of Geography PPT

Geo: is the study of the earth
graphy: writing about or study of a particular
Geography is more than just memorizing
countries and capitals or knowing where places
are on a map. Geography is about understanding
the connections between the physical world and
the way humans interact with it. The Five
Themes of Geography can help us understand
the physical world, the people who live in it, and
how those people interact with the physical
The Five Themes of
Location: Where are you ?
Place: What is it like ?
Movement: How do people, goods and ideas get from
one place to another ?
Region: How are places similar or different?
Human-Environment interaction: How do people
relate to their physical environment ?
Terms you need to
Absolute location: The exact location where a geographic feature can be
Relative Location: Describes a place in comparison to other places around it.
Hemisphere: Each half of the globe ( Northern & Southern)
Equator: The imaginary line that divides the north & south halves
Prime meridian: The imaginary line that divides the earth east & west.
Latitude: The lines that run parallel or ( a long side of the equator)
Longitude: Imaginary lines that run through the north & south poles.
Absolute & Relative
Absolute location: What is your exact location,
address on earth. This school is located at 1234 NW
41st ave , Lauderdale lakes, Fl
Relative location: what are you close by, a
landmark. “ corner store by my parents house”
Location simply tells us where something is on
earth. We can have an exact location, often
given in latitude and longitude.
latitude and longitude.
Question? What is the absolute location of Alaska?
Question? Which contintent lies in between 120 degrees E
and 30 degrees S ?
Formal region:
Functional region:
Perceptual region:
Geographic info system: (GIS)
Global positioning system (GPS)
Formal Region
characterized by a common human property,
such as the presence of people who share a
particular language, religion, nationality,
political identity or culture, or by a common
physical property, such as the presence of a
particular type of climate, landform, or
Functional Region
organized around a hub or focal point with the
surrounding areas linked to that hub by
transportation systems, communication
systems. For example, I-95,Tri-rail, metro rail,
and city bus link the city to the suburbs.
Perceptual Region
A region in which people perceive, or see the
characteristics of the region the same way. However, they
may not be the same for all people.
Coke vs Soda http://popvssoda.com:2998/
Foods: “Pelau” (trinidad) chicken & rice ( in the south)
Vernacular Region
Landsat and (GOES)
A series of satellites that orbit more than 100
times above earth. Can scan the earth in 16 days
A 3 – dimensional representation of the earth.
It provides a way to view the earth as it travel
through space
Geographic information
systems (GIS)
Stores info about the world in a digital database.
It displays or shows information in a variety of
ways. Area photos and or satellite images.
Global Positioning system
a Device used to determine location
How do people, good and ideas move from one
location to another?
Linear distance: how far across the earth a
person, idea or an product travels. Example…
how long does it take to drive or fly to ATL?
Psychological distance: how we view distance.
Example.. When you were younger, some
locations seemed very far away, but….
Human Environmental
How do people relate to the environment?
What’s going on with the Boa’s in the
Did you hear about the wildfires in cali?
Building more housing complexes further west
past the everglades, (bear sightings)
1. What imaginary line seperates the northern from the
southen hemisphere?
2. How is absolute location different from relative location?
3. How is place different from region?
4. How are linear and time distances related to the theme of
5. into which formal region, functional and perceptual region
might your community be placed