Brief Introduction to Geography Ireland / UK 5 Themes • Geography can be broken down into 5 themes • As we study Ireland and the UK, we can hopefully start to identify where these themes are present and use them to help us understand more about our destination Location • Includes ABSOLUTE and RELATIVE location • Absolute location is a places point on a globe or map • Relative location is the places location compared to another place Examples Of Relative Location • London is 400 miles from Glasgow • London is near the North Sea • London is in the UK but very close to France How does absolute location work? • Imaginary lines of latitude run parallel to the equator (0º) on a globe or map • Imaginary lines of longitude run north and south between the two poles – Primer Meridian (0º) What is the Absolute Location of Cork? Place • A place is described by its physical and/or human characteristics • physical - features including landforms, climate, and vegetation • human - people who live there, political system, customs, economy, architecture, etc. Human-Environmental Interaction • How do people use their environment? • How have they changed it? • How have people responded to these changes Movement • As people, goods, and ideas move from place to place, they can change a places characteristics • ex. - if communists invaded and overtook The United States, our country’s geography would change Regions • Set of places that have similar attributes • ex - Chicago is in the Midwest • ex – Iowa is in the Midwest • Regions could be: – – – – – Political Regions Landform Regions Agricultural Regions Cultural Regions Climate Regions Keep in mind as we travel: • Place – What makes the places we are visiting unique? What are their physical characteristics, but also, what are their human characteristics? • Movement – What do we see in the UK that directly influenced us due to our colonial past relationships with Britain? • Regions – How are the countries we visit, all one region? How are they broken up into small regions and what factors create those regions?