final exam review

Prologue, Chapters 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 10 (Myers’ 9th ed.)
1. Review the main ideas of the following schools of psychology:
structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism, psychoanalytic theory,
humanism, cognitive psychology, evolutionary psychology,
neuropsychology. In your review, determine the importance of the
establishment of the first psychology laboratory.
Chapter 1: Thinking Critically with Psychological Science
Define hindsight bias
Define operational definition
Define replication
Review correlation
Review the elements of the formal experiment, naturalistic
observation, the survey, the case study
7. Define replication
8. Define mean, median, and mode
Chapter 2: The Biology of Mind
9. Structure and function of the neuron
10. Define action potential
11. Endorphins
12. Define reuptake
13. Sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions of the nervous system
14. Neural networks
15. Structure and function of parts of the brain
16. Hemispheric dominance
17. Lobes of the brain and function
Chapter 3: Consciousness
18. Selective attention
19. Characteristics of REM sleep
20. Effects of sleep deprivation
21. Latent and manifest content of dreams, according to Freud
Chapter 6: Sensation and Perception
22. Define sensation and perception
23. Define absolute threshold
24. Define sensory adaptation
25. Define perceptual set
Chapter 7: Learning
26. Classical conditioning—know the elements
27. Operant conditioning—know the basic elements
28. Observational learning
29. Positive and negative reinforcement
30. Positive and negative punishment
31. The method of successive approximations (shaping)
Chapter 8: Memory
32. Encoding, storage, and retrieval
33. Semantic encoding
34. Serial position effect
35. Automatic processing
36. Chunking
Chapter 10: Intelligence
37. Sternberg’s model of intelligence
38. Emotional I.Q.
39. Mental age
40. Formula for determining IQ
41. Validity and reliability
Chapter 16: Social Psychology
42. Stanley Milgram and the obedience to authority experiments