AP European History Unit 2 Exam Study Guide Terms and information from reading guides are fair game for tests. Be able to Define the Following Terms and Explain their Significance Edict of Nantes Spanish Netherlands Mary Stuart Thomas Hobbes Treaty of Westphalia John Locke Catherine de Medicis Scientific Revolution Politiques Absolutism St. Bartholomew’s Day Constitutionalism Spanish Armada Louis XIV Mary I Francis Bacon Baroque Galileo Huguenots Copernicus Gustavus Adolphus II Renee Descartes Henry IV Isaac Newton Defenestration of Prague Versailles Elizabeth I Mercantilism What were the causes and results of the 30 Years War? What were the 4 phases of the 30 Years War? Who fought in the 30 Years War? Who fought in the French Wars of Religion? What was the outcome of the French Wars of Religion? Name 3-4 politiques and their nations. Describe religious toleration during the 1600s. Why was Elizabeth I considered a good leader? How did Thomas Hobbes and John Locke differ in their beliefs on Human Nature? On government? What type of government did each support? How did the Wars of Louis XIV affect society? Affect French politics? What was life like under Louis XIV for peasants? Nobles? What are the differences between Eastern and Western Absolutism? How did Science revise the heavens? What role did Women play in the Scientific Revolution? Describe Eastern Absolutism in Poland, Prussia and Austria. Major topics for this test: Wars of Religion, Scientific Revolution, Absolutism, Constitutionalism Key Concepts for Test *New ideas in science based on observation, experimentation, and mathematics challenged classical views of the cosmos, nature, and the human body, although folk traditions of knowledge and the universe persisted. *New monarchies laid the foundation for the centralized modern state by establishing a monopoly on tax collection, military force, and the dispensing of justice, and gaining the right to determine the religion of their subjects. *Following the Peace of Westhpalia, religion no longer was a cause for warfare among European States. *Religious reform both increased state control of religious institutions and provided justifications for challenging state authority. *In much of Europe, absolute monarchy was established over the course of the 17th and 18th centuries. *Dynastic and state interests, along with Europe’s expanding colonial empires, influenced the diplomacy of European states and frequently led to war.