Macromolecule and Enzyme Review Worksheet

Macromolecules and Enzymes PowerPoint Guide
Which element are macromolecules based on? Why?
2. What distinguishes a monomer from a dimer and a dimer from and from a polymer?
3. What is the general formula for any carbohydrate?
4. What elements are found in carbohydrates (write the full name)?
5. What is the name for a monomer of carbohydrate? What are the three monomers of
carbohydrate listed in the book?
6. Which of the following formulas could not be a carbohydrate?
7. Why are lipids not considered polymers?
8. Lipids consist of two parts. What are they? Draw them below (separately).
9. What elements are found in lipids (write out their names)?
10. Draw a typical lipid below.
11. What are the three main functions of lipids?
12. What is a hormone?
13. What is the difference between a saturated fatty acid and a unsaturated fatty acid? What about
a polyunsaturated amino acid? Draw one of each fatty acid type below.
14. What is the difference between a fat and oil?
15. Draw a typical monomer of a protein below and label its parts (there are four different parts).
16. How do amino acids differ from one another?
17. Proteins have three major functions, list them and provide an example of each.
18. What are each of the following with regards to protein structure?
b. secondary
c. tertiary
d. quaternary
19. Write the full names of the elements found in nucleic acids.
20. Draw a typical monomer of a nucleic acid and give its name. Label the three important parts of
the monomer.
21. What do the phosphates in a nucleic acid do?
22. What is a chemical reaction?
23. State the Law of Conservation of Mass in your own words.
24. What is activation energy?
25. What is a catalyst?
26. What is an enzyme and what is it made of?
27. What do the two lines on the graph from slide 21 represent?
28. What are two reasons that enzymes are critical for life?
29. What is the “lock and key” model of enzyme function?
30. How do the following factors influence enzyme activity (assume these enzymes are working in
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